Capital de Ecuador

The capital of Ecuador is located in the mountain of the Andes, at the foot of an active volcano Pichinga. Due to the fact that the city is located on the volcanic ash, there are almost no plants typical of Ecuador. The climate of the city. Due to its geographical location in theQuito is almost no tropical heat. The proximity of the equator ... The setting of Quito will strike you speechless. Flanked by volcanic peaks and spread across a lush Andean valley, the Ecuadorian capital is one of the most enchanting cities in the world. A massive restoration project completed in 2006 brought the historic district back to life, restoring the colonial splendor that earned it recognition as… La capital de Ecuador es San Francisco de Quito, conocida popularmente como Quito. Esta ciudad es centro político, económico y cultural del país, y aunque su origen es anterior, fija su nacimiento el 6 de diciembre de 1534, coincidiendo con la conquista española. Ecuador’s government abandoned the capital city, Quito, as demonstrators sabotaged oil installations and ransacked government offices and businesses over rising fuel costs. Ecuador has seen five days of unrest over Moreno's plans, part of a package of economic reforms drawn up in the wake of a $4.2 billion financing deal with the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Quito, city and capital of Ecuador. It is situated on the lower slopes of the volcano Pichincha, which last erupted in 1666, in a narrow Andean valley at an elevation of 9,350 feet (2,850 meters), just south of the Equator. The oldest of all South American capitals, Quito is notable for its well-preserved old town. La ciudad capital de Ecuador es Quito. Antiguamente se llamaba San Francisco de Quito. Quito es la segunda ciudad más poblada de Ecuador después de Guayaquil. Tiene una población de 2.6 millones de personas según el último censo realizado en Ecuador, en 2014. Vigilantes comunitarios, una apuesta para contener el COVID-19 en la capital de Ecuador Por Alexandra Valencia. 04/09/2020. Películas que cumplen 20 años. Así luce ahora el elenco de Juego de ... The capital city of Ecuador is Quito. It was formerly called the San Francisco de Quito. Quito is the second most populous city in Ecuador after Guayaquil. It has a population of 2.6 million people according to the last census held in Ecuador, in 2014.

Hire A Hacker! Rent A Hacker!! Rules to Follow

2020.09.18 09:44 Babyelijah Hire A Hacker! Rent A Hacker!! Rules to Follow

Hire A Hacker! Rent A Hacker!! Rules to Follow

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2020.09.17 18:04 autotldr Colombia: Indigenous protesters topple conquistador's statue

This is the best tl;dr I could make, original reduced by 65%. (I'm a bot)
EPA. Indigenous protesters in Colombia have toppled a statue of Spanish conquistador Sebastián de Belalcázar in the south-western city of Popayán.
Police looked on as members of the Misak community used ropes to tear down the equestrian figure of de Belalcázar, who founded the city in 1537.
Belalcázar led numerous expeditions in north-western parts of South America, also founding what is now Ecuador's capital Quito.
The Misak were joined by members of the Pijao and Nasa indigenous groups in their protest march which led to Morro del Tulcán, the hill where the statue of Belalcázar stood since the 1930s.
A regional umbrella group of indigenous peoples released a statement saying they had toppled the statue after putting Belalcázar on trial and finding him guilty of genocide, enslavement, torture, rape and stealing their ancestral lands.
The toppling of a statue however is a new tactic and comes in the wake of similar such actions during the Black Lives Matter protests in the US and Europe.
Summary Source FAQ Feedback Top keywords: Belalcázar#1 protest#2 statue#3 Indigenous#4 Misak#5
Post found in /news, /worldnews, /worldnews, /news, /u_SpecialistFold and /civocracy.
NOTICE: This thread is for discussing the submission topic. Please do not discuss the concept of the autotldr bot here.
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2020.09.08 23:02 500scnds [Table] My name is Paolo Cattaneo. 5 years ago I quit my job, sold everything I had and embarked in a trip around the world on a motorcycle. Rode for almost 185000 km. Still going! Here to answer question about self sustained living on the road and long distance solo travelling. AmA! (pt 3 FINAL)

Source Previous part
Questions Answers
What a wonderful story! I was wondering how much km you travel a day/ hours you are on your way? You really should start a YT channel with your adventures man, a guy on a motor driving through the world, and the lessons you learned, are definitely worth it! Hello! I don't ride everyday. I did estimated an average of 200km per day though. More or less.
I will see what I can do with this yt thing. Thanks for the advice! 😊👍
Do you have plans on when this will end and if you intend on returning to work do you worry about the perception on this time by employers? I guess, I also want to ask if you have concerns about whether you think you could adapt to fulltime work again or you'd struggle mentally now? Not sure if i can go back to a 9-5 life but I really don't care right now about future employment opportunities. I believe that the world is filled with lots of people with certificates and degrees and professional expertise...but there are not so many with unique life experiences. I hope employers will look at the individual more than the hours i spent behind a desk, when the time will come.
So are you going to end up in an even crappier job after abandoning all of your responsibilities like this? Haha who knows! What I know is that whatever job you do...it is still a job. More money means more responsibilities but at the end of the day, a job is a job. It's the meaning that changes your life. It's the why you do what you do, that drives you. Not necessarily the job you perform. We all end up in the same place...so I will do whatever job makes me happy when the time comes.
Hey op... If you're still answering questions I'm curious as to...What do you do to entertain yourself when you're tenting every night? I can imagine there's much internet connection in the middle of nowhere in Canada. Read a lot of books or something? Not answering questions anymore, but this is an excellent one, that deserves a reply. Well, if you are camping in the wild, definitely there would probably be no internet access. I usually write my thoughts and daily events on a notepad. It s hard to find time to do that, so when you are alone in your little tent waiting for the night to come, getting your thoughts out on a paper usually helps the catharsis. I am not much of a reader...but sometimes a good movie (i may have some stuff saved previously on hard drives or netflix offline) could kill the extra hour you get before falling asleep. I mean, usually it's just such a pity to ruin the silence with music and images...so most of the times i fall asleep as soon as I lay horizontally. Other times, the writing thing helps soothe the adrenaline of the day and calm you enough to fall asleep too. Sometimes organizing takes a bit of time or taking care of the bike can take some time as well.
This was one of my favorite AMAs. Thank you for doing this. Where did you stay in Greece and while in quarantine did you At least get to leave at all or were you confined to your apartment? Spent 3 months in Crete! Amazing island! Government started to ease up the lockdown only after the first month. We did only had 7 cases in the whole island so i got a great deal with my choice of location! I managed to explore the whole island by the end of it.
the below is a reply to the above
That place is amazing. It’s one of my favorite islands in Greece. If you ever have a chance check out Milos and Naxos. Yes! I almost went to Milos! And Naxos looked like a true paradise. You guys are blessed with natural beauty!
Wow I’m really impressed and inspired! I am currently planning a solo trail trip across the US, (and hopefully further) it’s been my dream for forever! Can you just break down for me a couple things? Ok, like what are some absolutely essential items you carry that most people wouldn’t think of? Besides the basics like fire starter, tent/tarp, thermal clothing etc. Next, how would you respond to a crisis or threat on the road that normally wouldn’t occur in a conventional lifestyle? Like authorities fuccin with you or wild animals attacking or something? One concern I have is that people may look down upon me for my lifestyle choice and use that as an excuse to treat me badly. I mean, some people already kinda do and I haven’t even left yet. (Even if everybody did I would still go cause HAHAHA fucc it) Anyway, another question-What is the best part of your travel lifestyle so far? I imagine it’s a lot of fun, (although still intensely difficult) and that tramps have found a lot of interesting ways to spend their free time. EDIT: AHH sorry one more I forgot! What are your favorite spots around the world but especially the US that you think are worth seeing? (any other tips/pointers/things to remember that you can think of are welcome too) THANKS Ok, lots of good questions! There is no essential item to be carried that is the "magic stuff" that nobody has. Maybe Common Sense...yes. carry that with you and you ll be fine always. ;) In terms of tools, cable ties and duct tape...and I would say super glue. Everything else mate, you ll adapt or find your way around it. About crisis, like protests, riots, police messing with you...well sometimes you gotta just leave! Haha. I rode through some riots in Bolivia and I kind of snuck away...as smoothly as possible. I always use my helmet cam, as a deterrent for police. If they are trying to get some money out of you, the "I am recording you" effect sometimes could make them change their mind. Also, I would make plastified copies of your driver license and bike docs, just in case you find some dodgy road blocks on your way. In case they withheld your stuff, you can just leave without having them keeping you hostage with your papers.
Most of the times you'll be fine though. Those are rare occasions anyway. And so wild animal encounters. When I went to Alaska, a friend gave me a bear spray. Never use it. Just keep your food away from your tent. Again, common sense works better than any weapons.
My favourite spot in the US was Sequoia NP. But I really loved the high deserts of Nevada and also New Mexico. So much good stuff to see in the US!
The best part of this lifestyle is the fact that you are free to do whatever you want everyday... And this is also a huge advantage that comes only travelling alone. All those "haters" will disappear as soon as you are gone from their sight. Your life is yours and you can do whatever you want with it. Only people that have some personal issue will try to diminish what you are trying to achieve. Others will just project their fears to you. In any case, you gotta go your own way and be focused on what you are trying to achieve.
Was it expensive shipping your bike? Also any trouble getting into other countries crossing the border? The shipping from Australia to South america was quite dear. I remember paying $2400 AUD. Not sure if it's expensive or not...but they did take care of almost everything. From Canada to Ireland instead i flew with Air Canada Cargo which had a special $1500 USD for the bike and myself. A bargain!! No troubles at the borders
How does it feel living life just visiting countries. No 9-5 whatsoever, no bills, no worries at all, just you and your motorcycle? People say that Sex or food is the best feeling in the world. I think that Riding your motorcycle freely around the world, tops it all.
I cannot imagine myself traveling without internet access. Do you have worldwide roaming? Do you get a SIM in every country? It's unthinkable nowadays to NOT have internet access. With local and cheap Sim card you can get data everywhere really and most countries in SA have sometimes free wifi around town and in gas stations. You'll be just fine.
the below is a reply to the above
Thanks for your reply! So I assume that with limited/spotty data, you were relying mostly on offline maps and navigation. Any tip on what's best for this kind of traveling and exploration? there are some useful travel app like maps.me, gmaps and iOverlander. have a look at it. lots of good info.
I also have a 2013 KTM 1190 Adventure, but the R version. I also love my bike and stoked to hear how reliable it’s been for you! What repairs have you had to do along the way? What repairs!! Haha bike has been exceptional. I only had to repair seals and moving parts (chain, sprokets, etc). Water pump seals have to be replaced around 85k km and i had a oil temp sensor failure at 140k km. Most people don't get that far with their miles...but if you do, make sure to check your water pump seals. Most parts are available in capital cities in any country. Others, you just have to have those shipped to you or plan in advance (for tyres for instance). Pretty doable overall.
What does a legitimate Italian pizza look and taste like compared to western pizza? Italian pizza is better because of mozzarella and tomato sauce that they use when making it. Top quality stuff. Aside from that, pizza is good wherever. It depends also on how you like your pizza.
I hope to have the courage to also do something like this. What are some valuable things you’ve learned about solo travel? Things you wished you knew starting off. We tend to overthink a lot of stuff that eventually never happen. We always have fears that stop us...but in reality, all those bad thought are simply possibilities that may actually never really happen. So, yeah...do more and worry less is certainly something I learned the hard way
Do you ever have any regrets? Lately I have been good in that sense. But maybe one day I ll wake up and have some...for not chosing the standard path of the average guy with wife and kids.
Maybe a bit of a selfish question but do people in N. America have trouble pronouncing your name? My Italian-American husband and I named our 5 month old Paolo. We live in Brooklyn so most people around us don't have an issue but I am not sure what it will be like if we ever move somewhere else or when he starts school. Also it's a beautiful name and I'm going to make sure to show our son your photos when he is old enough to understand travel and places and different people. :-D BEST QUESTION EVER! ahha
your son is going to have a tough time in an english speaking country! haha Jokes aside, the sound "Pao" doesn't really exists in english speaking people's head...so most of the time I get called Paulo...or Pablo. Which is fine to me. But the correct pronunciation is Pà-olo with emphasis on the first syllable. I switched to Paul many times...
But aside from USA, Canada, UK, Australia and South Africa, your son will be just fine!
Also make sure he knows the the origins of the meaning of his name. Paolo was one of the closest friends of Jesus. His real name was Sauro, which means "the greatest", but then, after befriending Jesus, he changed his name in Paolo, which comes from the latin word Paulus, that means "small, tiny". I am not religious, but Indeed this story tells a bit of the significance of being humble.
U/paolo_0 what about sex and romantic relationships- friendships too. Do you maintain any relationships? If so, how do you maintain them? The romantic factor is almost inevitable when travelling so extensively. Eventually every traveller has a romantic affair with somebody that he/she met on the way. Weather is a local or another traveller, it is our natural tendency to mate, so...yeah. Kind of a tricky one! I personally tend to avoid to get into serious situations because my lifestyle is simply not compatible with conventional standards of monogamous relationships. The curse of the traveller is that you always have to leave...so it is counterproductive to get close to somebody and then drag that feeling for months, with you on the road. In my opinion it shifts the paradigm of travelling towards a specific and more visceral feeling of reuniting with a person that most likely is not going to be on your planned route.
Anyway, said this, i did have a long distance relationship before starting this trip and it sucked! Haha Hence I tend to avoid to make the same mistakes twice. But also...you can never plan when to fall in love. Sometimes it just happens and you gotta roll with it. It hurts and it may even change your plans. Eventually one has to choose between the new person and the continuity of your solo trip.
what country did surprise you the most (good or bad) with their roads? did you come to Portugal? what did you dislike the most I loved Scotland! I had a great deal of luck with the weather...so that may have played a role. I did come to Portugal and it actually surprised me a lot!! Absolutely loved it! No wonder all retirees from europe want to move there! Algarve was spectacular. Loved Porto too.
Hello! First off, this is incredible, and a dream of mine. Unfortunately i'm an american with a crap load of college debt! I read your other answers and I just had a couple questions! 1. You mentioned your first night camping in a campground, and how it wasn't the best setting. As time went on did you just start setting up on the side of the road? or were there any other challenges finding camping spots when there wasn't a campsite hostile friends couch etc? 2. How safe did you feel when you were mostly alone camping in between citys/towns? Thank you so much for doing this AMA, hopefully one day I can do this! Hey! I am aware of how the US system sucks you in a world of debts but... I hope you will one day break free from it.
After my first night camping, I switched to couchsurfing and hostels right away. I was terrified of camping! ahha Then, one day I found a spot that was too beautiful to leave. I was by myself and It was quite remote. The balmy temperatures, the starry night and the beautiful sunrise over the ocean made me reconsider camping. After few more attempts I found out that camping in the wild was waaay better than sleeping in a crappy hostel or at some stranger's home. More privacy, quieter and cheaper too! Luckily for me, I had lost my camping virginity in Australia, one of the best and safest countries for camping in the world in my opinion. You are by yourself most of the times. Half of my trip around Australia I slept on the side of the road or in the bushes. I became an expert in starting small fires and cooking with no utensils. I realized that the "danger" in terms of safety for me and my motorcycle was directly related to the amount of people around me. So, the more desolated the area, the safest. Cities are clearly the opposite. Thanks for your questions.
I've been following your IG for about a year now I think, and I'm totally jealous. You've answered a few questions of mine on there, but I've got one for this AMA. Has KTM reached out to you for any kind of buyback type of deal for the bike, or any "free" stuff? Are they even aware? Do they care? I mean you're doing great advertising for them. I think I read something not too long ago where a man had a million-mile Honda Goldwing that Hinda wanted to buy back from him for research or something. Nope. KTM hasn't got in touch with me about bike endorsement. Saying this, tbe guys at KTM canada helped me a lot in servicing the bike while I was in Montreal.
KTM and Honda, or BMW have thousands of loyal customers that used their machines for long time. But they are not really obliged to reach out and saying "Thanks, here s a new bike". It would be a loss for them to give you free stuff.
What would you say is the key to happiness? I believe that to realise that we are insignificant and that nothing is meant to come our way, is the paradigm that we need to have to improve our sense of happiness. I found out that our constant sense of being unaccomplished comes from the high expectations that society places in our mind. We need to get always bigger, better, more stuff...but in reality it's an ephemeral race against ourselves. When you realise that we are just a little grain of dust, floating in the universe and that we matter little or nothing at all in this universe, everything coming your way becomes a gift. I found out that having less makes me happier and less worried.
I am not sure if this is the KEY to happiness for everybody, but I believe that keeping your feet on the ground, helps a great deal.
Sorry if this is a stupid question, but what kind of bank account do you have? Is it one that can be used internationally? And have you had any problems with converting your money to the currency of whatever country you’re in? Also what kind of a drone and phone do you have? Do you use your phone for most of your IG pics or your drone? I have citybank account and debit card that can be used internationally. I mostly withdraw money from ATMs and use paypal for online transactions.
Never had problems in converting into local currency.
I have a DJI Mavic Air and a Samsung Galaxy S9. I mostly use my phone for my photography, but these days, it is plenty in terms of resolution and image quality, if you share your content on social media. Occasionally I had some photos taken with a DSLR.
I have been following you on Instagram before. We have had very short conversations few times. Remember the dog which was chained all the times for more than a decade in the island in Greece? Any news from it? Do you plan on starting a patreon account so you can earn money on the way? And how hard is it now in the pandemic? Hey there!! Unfortunately that dog is still chained there. I spoke with several dog rescue centers and they couldn't do much about it. Ignorance is not curable Unfortunately.
I am not sure. Should i start a patreon account?? Asking people for money? Mmm Not quite there yet.
In planning for the trip, do you think about and have a backup plan for medical emergency or if you are jailed in some remote location? For example, money to bribe you out of a situation at a border or caught speeding. Accident and hospital stay. Also, was language a major barrier during the trip? Wow. Nope. Did not think about those things...haha but maybe I should have had! I do have a travel insurance that cover accidental hospitalization. Language wasn't a major deal breaker for me since i speak spanish and portuguese. Otherwise english is pretty common nowadays
Do you get lonely? Sometimes. When I do, I use reddit. ;) Jokes aside, I actually appreciate the time when I am truly alone. Finding those moments is a rarity, these days.
I also quit my job and sold everything. For me, it was to leave Canada and move to Tahiti. Isn't it liberating and freeing to give everything up to start over? Its not easy to give up everything for a calculated risk. For some it turns out poorly, but for others, its the best decision they have ever made. I've never seen anybody giving it a shot and turning out with something less. You always learn something about yourself...and it's always a great thing to clean up and start fresh!
Kudos to you, mate! You got sick waves there! ;)
Care to share your favorite recipe? Thai papaya salad. Shred green papaya, 1 carrot, 6 green beans. Prepare dressing with fish sauce, teaspoon of sugar, garlic (a lot), chili (a lot), and maybe 3-4 lime juices. Add few dried small shrimps and few sliced cherry tomatoes if you want, to garnish. Add a handful of peanuts.
How do you carry/retrieve money? I know in the US and such you can just go to an ATM or a bank, but in South America was it easy to withdraw your money? Did you have to pay much in fees? And I don't know if it is appropriate to ask if you carry a lot of cash with you haha It is the same everywhere in the world. there are bank circuits like MAESTRO or CIRRUS or VISA or MASTERCARD which are available worldwide. You can get money out of ATMs sometimes without fees if banks are affiliated.
Do you battle with a sense of purposlessness or dislocation? I clearly felt a sense of lack of purpose when I was living my normal life. A job sometimes absorbs you but doesn't really give you a reason to live. After my travels I can say that I found a new meaning to my life. I don't think I have to procreate...of find a partner. I think solitude and this kind of life suits me and gives me purpose, better than the one I had before to be honest.
Hey man I REALLY love what you do and I'm thinking of doing the same. I live in Greece and the idea of travelling around the world like this gives me goosebumps. Can you share some hot tips that you wish you knew before you started? Hey mate!! I love Greece! You guys have it good over there for riding! I wish I knew how little you really need to travel around. The secret is exactly to carry as little as possible. The lighter the better.
I've always wanted to do something like this, however it would be on foot. Do you think it would be significantly harder to do so, should I think about taking a car or bike with me? One of my inspiration is this japanese guy that I almost met in Ushuaia. Incredible story. He walked...from alaska to ushuaia. 6 years. Unbelievable adventure and definitely made mine look like too easy! Haha Look him up on facebook! Masahito Yoshida
By your own experience, do you think it would be safe enough to do this as a solo young woman? As I met several other solo travellers, including women, which share with me their personal experiences, I can say that it is indeed safe to travel alone as a woman.
What of your original motorcycle is left? Considering you would have undoubtedly had to have replaced bits Bike is still in original shape and form. Replaced the windshield and some inner plastics. But most of it is still the same. Never touched the engine
How much did you pay for your motorcycle? I bought it in December 2014. It was second hand. Had only 700 km on it though. Paid $19k Australian. You do the math in your currency. I saved for 8 months and sold my old bike to be able to buy it.
What about love? Do you sometimes feel like you would like to have someone with you on your trip? Nah. I am good. I thought about rescuing a stray dog or cat a couple of times...
Did you ever read Jupiter's Travels, or meet Ted Simon? Nope. But I heard it's a great book. He's one of the first guys that went around the world in modern times...
Why such a high performance motorcycle? I just bought my dream bike. the trip came afterwards...and I just used the bike I had.
What do you want written on your tombstone? I want to be cremated and thrown into the ocean. No engraving required. ;)
I plan to go on a motorcycle adventure in South America in the near future and I have to ask: were you afraid at any point? I live in Brazil, which is a very dangerous country, I ride mostly in my own city but sometimes I find myself very afraid, and there are places that I don't dare to go. I often wonder how would I deal with these problems being thousands of miles away from home. Yes mate. Brazil was probably the spookiest country I rode through in latin america. But danger is mostly concentrated in big cities, as you know... South america is pretty safe and generally speaking people will be more willing to help you than harm you. Do not worry too much. I was concerned about my safety too before my departure but then i realized that tv and news just gave me the wrong idea.
Haven’t seen this asked.... Do you carry a weapon? Have you ever been in a dangerous situation with thugs? I do not carry weapons. I am against weapons in general, but being from Europe this is kind of the way we grow up here. I assume you are from the USA... But no, there is no need to protect yourself till the point you have to risk your life to do it. If somebody wants to take my stuff and has a gun, I will happily give my stuff to him/her. It's just stuff. I wouldn't shoot anybody anyway.
the below is a reply to the above
I am from the USA! We clearly have a stereotype if me simply asking about a weapon gives it away lol 😅 Im happy you haven’t been put in a situation with the wrong people. Thanks for taking the time to do this AMA. Your life is quite fascinating and I admire your ability to break from the norm and take such an adventure that this beautiful world has to offer :) I hope you didn't take my comment in a negative way. I love USA and I've travelled throughout the country, other than living in it for few years. I met incredibly inspiring people and i ve also learned so much from your way of living. I do understand the reason behind carrying a weapon. It makes sense there. USA is a massive country and there is a sense of need of protecting yourself in many ways. In most of USA people grow up with weapons because...of hunting! It's part of the culture and I respect it. Considering also that you are allowed to carry a weapon and shoot for self defense in many states... But around the world we just assume nobody has a weapon...so yeah, it works either way.
PuggerHugger123: Are you still using your Australian license plate? Im assuming you might get issues at borders or weird looks from people in different countries. I live in europe and our license plates have a letter representing our country (as you have probably seen). I have also seen some non-EU license plates from eastern europe, but thats it... mccannisms: I was wondering this too - I was told to not bring my bike from Canada to Aus permanently as part of the roadworthy involves checking the frame by drilling into it and would possibly completely damage said frame. How does insuring a bike for international travel work? Ok, I still have my NSW license plate on. People don't care. At the border they just check if the name on your bike papers is the same on your driver license/passport. If so, you are good to go. You can import ANY vehicle in Australia I believe as far as you owned the vehicle at least for one year. Then there is the inspection and everything, but if there is a similar vehicle already in the country, it doesn't need to be tested for "roadworthiness". As per insurance, you have to get one for every country you enter. Except EU where you get the "Green card" which is valid for all Eu countries.
A guy I used to work with Peter Corboy did this back in the 2000's. You know him? Sorry, I do not know him.
Hey mate, really nice to read your story and the comments! I’ll be doing a similar thing in a few years, I was worried about going out on a brand new bike (Yamaha Tenere 700) absolutely love this bike but after hearing your story about going on a big ass brand new KTM you give me hope! I was worried about it possibly being stolen somewhere.. apart from parking it inside wherever possible do you have any other tips? Do you use disk lock/use a bike cover? And also.. do you not think your bike is a bit too big? Are you able to pick it up ok and does it ever limit some of the off road routes you may want to take? Really inspirational story mate.. it’s all I dream about, I’ve backpacked to like 65 countries and within the past few years realised overland motorcycle adventure is where the fun really is.. the freedom! Hey mate, congrats on your bike selection. I've heard great stuff about the T7. About the "bike getting stolen" issue...it's not really a thing. Just be careful in big cities and if if you leave it parked with your belongings on it for too long. I mean...seriously just common sense. the 1190 is big and heavy but I managed. When fully loaded it floats around 300kg so yeah...not a walk in the park... but most of the times I was fine. Just sand riding gets hard. In case, make sure you always park inside the property where you stay at night and remove all your belongings from it, even if you decide to go for hard panniers (which I don't recommend). Unfortunately, if somebody wants to steal your bike there's very little/nothing you can do about it. But again, most of the times you'll be fine.
I guess this is more of a question in general rather than specifically related to your journey on the motorcycle. But how did you manage leaving behind family and friends to pursue your own lifestyle? Im a bit envious of the whole experience, but I also can't imagine living more than 100 miles away let alone living in multiple different countries and traveling the world. Was it difficult to do? Or did your family and friends support or need you in any way that wouldn't be doable with you travelling, or was it simply "this is what I want" and you go do it without much of a care? It is hard to leave your family and lifelong friends behind to pursue a dream...but it is the price to pay for these kind of experiences.
Sometimes it s hard to be by yourself and to realize that you are alone, far away from people who love you and support you no matter what...but it is also a forging experience to be so exposed. It builds character and it allows you to become more independent, which is a key point for any kind of relationship in your life.
It is difficult and scary and all of the above. But it is a necessary process for personal growth and development.
Your family and friends will understand you...and support your choices if they truly love you.
Hey Paolo, great story and a wonderful thing to do! I also love riding trough different countries, and my big dream is it, to ride from Monaco di Baviera to SEA. So here‘s my question: how do you get all the permits for entering countries? Visa etc? Ever had any passport/visa issues? Especially with corona lockdowns? Ever entered somewhere over the green border? Do you have any kind of bike/health insurance? Have a good ride. Stay save! If you happen to be in Monaco, let me know for dinner and a bed:) Cheers mate!! If you plan on riding to SEA from here, you will need a Carnet de Passage for your vehicle. Get in touch with the automobile club of your country for more info...but it is not cheap. Visawise, as german, you won't have any issues entering countries. Simply google "visa allowances german citizens" and wikipedia will tell you what to do and how to prepare for your trip. Never had any issues at the border so far. Only in USA maybe. Haha They didn't like the fact that I wanted to tour their country for more than 3 months. I have a worldwide travel insurance with worldnomads which covers me in case of hospitalization. Bike insurance have to be issue in every country you ride in. But i think in germany there may be a worldwide insurance for motorcycles too. You need to check there. Now with covid all travels are restricted. May have to wait a bit for your adventure.
How does your family feel about feeding and housing you with the money they work for while you go ride your bike? Did you think about them when you threw your financial stability away? Would you go back to work if they threw you out on the street? Did you know that in the eyes of an employer you lose your degree when you dont use it for 4 years? And, they also won't hire you for lesser positions because you are over qualified. Thanks for your lovely question. I support myself for my travels and my family can take care of itself. I tried to send money back, but they seem to be fine without me. I do not need to be financially stable to be happy. I believe my family is ok to simply let me sleep in my backyard with my tent, in case they don't want me in their house anymore. Otherwise yeah. I may look for a job to pay rent...or a workaway experience. I do not want to work for an employer that diminishes my expertise because i decided to live my life instead of sitting in front of a computer for 4 years. I also do not have to go back to the same industry I was working before. Do i need a computer engineering degree to be a brick layer? I wont be so sure about the overqualified thing. I got hired as truck washer with my degree in engineering.
Hey man, what you are doing is cool. One small question, how about your life insurance? Since you are travelling to different countries, how do you manage it? Also, if you get a chance, go to India mate, it's one of the best things ever You can get travel insurance with worldwide coverage. Worldnomads is one of the companies that provide this kind of service.
Not knowing your lifestyle b4 this adventure, What specifically did you notice you had to adjust immediately? Protein and water obviously but what did you find you were going to really need to keep going? I actually noticed that i didn't need so much food to keep going. Water yes...but food intake could be minimized. When you don't have your 9-5 routine anymore, you can simply eat whenever you want...without fixed hours. In the long run you ll simply adapt to new food intake quantities which are usually less than a regular working man.
How do you go about servicing your bike? I change the oil in my bike every 6 months regardless of kms, sometimes its only does about 2000kms in between those services. I service my bike every 7000km. sometimes even 10000km. but my bike holds 4kg of oil in the engine so it is quite a lot. like a small size car.
Ciao Paulo; Do you think there are too many people in the world, especially with this Coronavirus breakout and all these riots taking place? Thanks, Richard There are a lot of people on this planet. Yes. Maybe it s not a matter of overpopulation but a matter of changing the way we create resources to sustain people and our world. We certainly need to "step our game up".
Which countries in the world have you visited thus far, at least a general idea, and which are you planning to visit? Good luck on your journey! A map of my travels is visible on my profile here or on my insta.
"No mechanical or electrical issues in the whole trip." Seriously? That's amazing! Not a single mechanical issue? Zero mechanical issues. I fried my engine oil temp gauge around 140k km...but that was an easy fix. Found it used online for 40 bucks and that was about it.
How safe do you feel on your adventure? Would love to do something similar but sounds difficult as a solo woman... Please look on the internet. There are so many inspiring women out there travelling solo! Don't let misinformation deter you for chasing such a beautiful dream!
What were some of your favorite places? I'm currently on the panamerican highway with a van. Well done, mate! Cheers mate!! Well well.. baja california is a dream! Ecuador and peru are also fantastic to be done in a van. Just make sure you get to go to Chiloe and Carretera Austral in Chile. Have fun !!
Hello Paolo did you plan to write a book about your experience? I would be first in line to buy it... Reddit would probably be the first place I would advertise it to! Haha Not in my plans at the moment. Thanks for the encouragement though!
Have you ever been really scared that you've driven into a place where you could get robbed or worse? Rode through a couple of favelas in Brazil...by mistake. And yes, eventually the thought of getting stopped and "questioned" crossed my mind. But fortunately nothing happened.
What is your favorite food you ate while traveling and what's the best place you have been? I am a sucker for a good Chevice (raw seafood). Although it seems that the best chevice is Peruvian, I loved mexican one. I mean, I probably had the best one in Baja. Absolutely mind blowing.
Meat based stuff instead I have to say that Hornado in Ecuador can't be beat. Mouth watering stuff. And I am not a big fan of meat.
Have you had any negative experiences through your journey? (Violence, theft, etc) Negative experiences were maybe 1% of the whole thing. Just lessons to be learned and move on, really. Nothing really too bad.
Did you get your tools back? The one's that were stolen a while back in Vancouver? Nope. Had to buy new ones. Ouch
Did you record places you went? Photos, videos, journals, anything like that? Yes. It's all on instagram. And youtube. check it out!
Wich Latin american countries did you visit? And wich was your favorite one? Wich Latin american countries did you visit? And wich was your favorite one?
How did you manage to travel that far on a motorcycle without crashing? I did crash! Mostly while riding offroad or on sand. Got footage of that too! Haha
Australian resident? Then you'll know what "pretentious wanker" means? Fair dinkum!
do you wear “riding gear” with pads, etc. when on the motorcycle? Yes I do. But it's not absolutely necessary to do so. I rode around Australia with jeans and tshirt. Not safe, but yeah... The problem with not wearing protection is the "trip stopper" factor. Let's say you get into an accident. If nothing happens it's all good. But if you are wearing sneakers and not boots, you are most likely to hurt yourself. And that could stop your trip for a month or more. So, yeah. Not necessary, but definitely recommended
You put 180,000km on that KTM and had no mechanical issues?!?!? I know right?!?! Incredible!
Have you ever been to Estonia, are you planning on it, if not? I have few friends there actually. But now my biggest enemy is covid to be honest. I would love to visit!
Were you in Newfoundland, Canada June 2019 u/paolo_0 ? Nope! I wish though!
What do you miss the most about “normal” life? having a workout routine. I always relied on my physical condition to endure stress and fatigue...but with constant travelling I kind of lacked of physical exercise. I missed that for sure.
How painfull is your ass after a day driving? I believe I have calluses now... Ouch
How do you deal with being lonely sometimes? I chat with people. :) Sounds like a silly answer but...
You weren't around Zion in 2016 by chance? Nope.
Do you have any children? I do not. Never married
Are you on instagram? Www.instagram.com/paolocattaneophoto
How is your back? I am looking for a new one on ebay... ;)
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2020.09.02 19:11 AmericanNewt8 [Diplomacy] Xi's Latin American Adventures!

Latin America is pretty much as obscure as it gets for global politics, but we have our ways of making inroads there. Latin America is a major developing market, isolated from the globe; it is also a massive commodity exporter. All of these things incline us to take an interest in the continent. We're hardly the only ones, though. The United States remains a powerful influence in the area, as is, to an extent, Europe. Even South Korea has been extending its reach into the region.

Latin America also has the key advantage of being politically "safe" for Xi, because nothing really bad can happen there. Probably. It's distant from the disasters in the Middle East anyway. As a result, Xi is going on a lightning tour of the entire continent of South America, save Paraguay, which will be skipped as a result of the fact that it recognizes the Republic of China and is unlikely to change that view anytime soon. Mexico and Cuba are also potential stops.

Hopefully, China might get what it wants and desperately needs--oil, free trade, and easier commodity exports. We aren't giving handouts, either, and these moves are really just assertions of what China has been looking at for some time, and will boost domestic industries and companies that are suffering from the economic slump. For the most part, however, they'll benefit China almost as much as they do the targets of the massive stimulus. Also keep in mind that we're not paying all of this upfront, we're talking as much as twenty to thirty years for some of these projects.

The Southern Cone

Argentina:
In return, China wants Argentina's backing in a trade deal with Mercosur that will burn some sacred cows of Argentina's policy, like export taxes and economic protectionism.

Chile:
In return, China wants Chilean support for a free-trade deal negotiated with the Pacific Alliance at large. Since Chile already has a free-trade agreement this is hopefully not a huge issue.

Paraguay:
In return, China wants Paraguay's backing for a Mercosur trade deal. It also will offer more to Paraguay if it's willing to reconsider its recognition of the Republic of China.

Uruguay:
In return, China wants Uruguay's backing for a Mercosur trade deal.

Bolivia:
Chinese companies express interest in developing lithium resources in Bolivia and hope to receive favorable concessions as a result of the financing of the railroad. China also suggests that Bolivia join Mercosur or the Pacific Alliance, but does not do anything further on the topic.

The Atlantic

Brazil:
In return, China wants Brazil's backing for a Mercosur trade deal and preferential access to Brazilian oil exports.

Suriname:

Guyana:
In return, China wants--you guessed it--preferential access to oil produced in Guyana by government policy. The oil is owned by foreign companies for the most part, but that doesn't mean that Guyana can't sway things towards China, especially if it's developing a greater state interest in its oil reserves.

Venezuela:

China basically all but offers to buy PVDSA [well, a majority stake in it] and all Venezuelan oil reserves, and even agree to pay future tariffs at agreed-upon rates, if it can get Venezuelan production, from the world's largest oil-holding country, going again. China also wants Venezuela to break with OPEC and produce as much oil as it can. China also strongly urges Venezuela to rejoin Mercosur, which it feels may bring substantial benefits to the struggling Venezuelan economy.

Pacific

Colombia:
In return China wants Colombian backing for a trade deal with the Pacific Alliance.

Ecuador:
In return China wants to sign an exclusive contract with Petroecuador for purchase of its entire product line, with production amounting to a little over 500,000 barrels a day. This oil will, of course, be priced modestly above market value, and the contract will last for several years, ensuring fiscal stability. China will also strongly urge Ecuador to join the Pacific Alliance and thus its trade deal with China.

Peru:
We ask for Peru's support of a trade deal with the Pacific Alliance as a whole, which is hopefully aided by the fact that we already have a free trade agreement with Peru.


Central America and Caribbean

Mexico:
We mostly ask for Mexican support of a free-trade deal with the Pacific Alliance.

Cuba:



The Pacific Alliance FTA:

[Mexico, Colombia, Peru, Chile]

Mercosur FTA:



M: Sorry mods for making a monster of a post with too many bullet points but I had this half-written and it's something that best fits in a single post to be concise rather than a host of them.
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2020.08.29 15:12 HauntedSpy SKs you never might've heard of: South America

In this post, I'll showcase a convicted or suspected SK in each country on the South American continent from a list I've been compiling about SKs around the world, which have yet to receive a Wikipedia entry. Each section will contain some info on their crimes, and a link/source from which I got it. I hope you'll find this as interesting as I do. Let us begin. ARGENTINA: Luis Raúl Menocchio (2004-2011; 3-5 victims) The Playboy Killer Killed a filmmaker with an accomplice in Corrientes in March 2005, whose body he tied they tied up with chains and padlocks and threw into the Paraná River. In 2011, with two other accomplices, he murdered a wealthy rancher and his sister-in-law so he could acquire his farm. Suspected of an earlier 2004 double murder of a rancher and his sister-in-law near Asunción, Paraguay. Evaded police due to constantly changing his appearance via cosmetic surgery. Sentenced to life imprisonment. BOLIVIA: Jaime Cárdenas Pardo (2009-2011; 30-45 victims) The Sucre Killer Since the age of 15, he killed and raped various men and women all around the country, with an ex-policeman accomplice. Confessed to 45 murders in total. Sentenced to 30 years imprisonment. BRAZIL: Adriano Vicente da Silva (2002-2004; 6-12 victims) The Maniac of Passo Fundo Killed young boys, aged 8-13, in small towns around northern Rio Grande do Sul. Convicted of six murders, but total number is suspected of being twelve. Sentenced to 120 years imprisonment., CHILE: Francisco Varela Pérez (1954-1956; victim count unknown) The Monster of Carrascal Vagrant who raped and strangled an unknown number of young boys in Santiago. Captured after the murder of a young boy and the attempted rape of another led authorities to him. Executed in 1956/7. COLOMBIA: Hernando Arturo Prada (1990s; 10 victims) The Angel of Death Bandit who killed his robbery victims. Sentenced to 60 years imprisonment, but managed to escape and engaged the authorities in a heated hostage situation, which he again evaded. Hunted and gunned down by vigilantes in 2000. ECUADOR: William Cumbaijín (2002-2003; 9 victims) The Bush Murderer Lured vulnerable and disabled prostitutes around Quito, whom he bound, raped, tortured and even mutilated their genitals, before finally strangling them. Intelligence tests determined he was a smart man, but his reasoning capacity was primitive. Sentenced to 25 years imprisonment. GUYANA: Harrynauth Beharry (1969-1970; 7-8 victims) Pretending to be a handyman, he stalked various small villages around the country, where he abducted, bound, raped and then killed young boys, almost all of them being of Indian descent (one was Native American). Additionally suspected of killing a young girl, but denied that murder. So far, he is the country's only known serial killer. Committed suicide before trial. PARAGUAY: Amancio Legal (1920s-1933; 28 victims) The Monster of Paraguay Peasant who stabbed and mutilated people at random in Asunción and Misiones. However, according to Juan Marcos González, he might've been a scapegoat for the judicial system. Executed 1933. PERU: Álex Maquera Atencio (2004; 8 victims) The Madman with the Hammer Killed people around Tacna for theft or while on drugs. Six of his victims were killed in one day, those being his sister, her husband and their nephews. Sentenced to life imprisonment. SURINAME: Paramaribo Homeless Murders (2006-2014; 10+ victims) Since 2006, the bodies of homeless Surinamese vagrants were found in the nation's capital, all killed in various gruesome ways, including beheadings, burnings and shootings. Authorities have several theories, including a gang of youths and black magic practicioners. Unsolved. URUGUAY: Ramón Anibal and Carlos Artigas Beltrán Castro (2002-2004; 3-7+ victims) Brothers who murdered elderly couples around the Colonia Department. Suspected of at least four similar murders, including the double murder of two elderly sisters, who were burned alive. Both imprisoned and serving long sentences. VENEZUELA: Francisco Abraham García Hernández (2014-2015; 6+ victims) The Caricuo Strangler Beat up and strangled prostitutes and one girl around Caracas. Suspected of more murders. Escaped from prison, but was recaptured not too long after. Sentenced to 30 years imprisonment.
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2020.08.23 05:34 ElysianDreams [EXPANSION] La Republica: Finalization of the Peru-Ecuador Confederated Association

La República

GALLERY: The Peruvian and Ecuadorian flags have been raised together over the border city of Huaquillas, marking the opening of totally free movement within the Confederated Association

Finalization of the Peru-Ecuador Confederated Association

Redacción :
Alessandra Alvarez Wong
3 de noviembre 2037 10:31 h
On May 12th, 2030, the people of Peru and Ecuador voted in favour of a confederated association between the two nations.
Following seven years of transition, during which Ecuador and Peru cooperated in rebuilding the former after the damage wrought during the Nuevo Ecuador Revolution, the two Andean states today will come together in forging a brighter path ahead to the future.
The official name of the union shall be the Peru-Ecuador Confederated Association, or "Peru" for short:
A better name may be chosen in the future, as "Peru" is a colonial name which means "turkey" (the bird) in Portuguese, and that's pretty embarassing. "Ecuador" just means "equator", which is also kinda sad and low-energy.
The majority of Peru's extant governance structure will be extended over Ecuador, with the past seven years having consisted of long negotiations and political manoeuvring in order to figure out how exactly the Ecuadorian system would be integrated into the new union.
The Confederated Association's Legislative and Administrative capitals shall be at Lima, and the Judicial capital shall be at Quito.
The provinces of Ecuador shall be re-designated as "departments", in line with Peru's twenty-five departments as first-level administrative subdivisions; each department shall elect their own legislature, and shall also elect members to the newly-formed upper legislature - the Rimana Huñunakuy. There shall be 98 members of the Rimana Huñunakuy, two for each department.
Congress shall be expanded to 195 seats, with 65 of those seats belonging to Ecuador's departments, and 130 belonging to Peru. This is roughly equal to the population distribution between the two component states.
National Service requirements shall be extended to Ecuador over the next three years, with an average of 150,000 new recruits being inducted into the Fuerzas Armadas, the National Police, Civil Defence Service, and the national civil service per year.
TEMAS: [Peru] [Ecuador] [Confederated Association] [Politics]
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2020.08.16 02:02 Truand Vuelos Internacionales / International Flights - Megathread

Final update: Sep 21th / Actualización final: Sep 21.
Dada la situación de incertidumbre con respecto a los vuelos internacionales desde y hacia Colombia, por solicitud de la comunidad dejamos un megathread sticky para tener un punto central de información que sé ira actualizando con la información que puedan encontrar.
Por favor aporten cualquier noticia relevante en los comentarios con enlace/fuente pero abstenganse de divulgar rumores o especulación en este thread para evitar malentendidos.
Due to the current situation of uncertainty regarding international flights from and to Colombia, by request of the community we leave this megathread stickied to provide a central point of information with any updates anyone can find.
Please leave in the comments any relevant news with link/source but abstain from divulging rumors or speculation in this thread to avoid misinformation.
What we know so far / Lo que sabemos de momento:
As of Aug 15th 2020 / hasta el 15 de agosto de 2020.
Aug 18th / Ago 18
Aug 20th / Ago 20
Aug 25th / Ago 25
Aug 26th / Ago 26
Aug 27th / Ago 27
Aug 31th / Ago 31
Sep 7
Sep 9
Sep 16
Sep 18
Sep 21
And I think that's it, I won't be updating this post anymore, if you have questions check with migración Colombia. / Y eso es todo, no seguiré actualizando esté post, si tienen preguntas revisen con migración Colombia.
Migración Colombia
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2020.08.13 18:45 ElysianDreams [EVENT] [NEC] El Universo: Nuevo Ecuador leader Maria Paula Romo provides mid-mandate update on national reconstruction

EL UNIVERSO

Nuevo Ecuador leader Maria Paula Romo provides mid-mandate update on national reconstruction

GALLERY: Nuevo Ecuador interim leader Maria Paula Romo expects that the national reconstruction team will take several more months to restore critical infrastructure links across Ecuador
POLITICA 18 de enero, 2030 
QUITO - Nuevo Ecuador interim leader Maria Paula Romo today provided a mid-mandate update on national reconstruction at a press conference in front of the Foreign Ministry building in Quito.
With just three and a half months to go before the mandated elections in April, the interim Nuevo Ecuador administration has been busy rebuilding the shattered country after the several-months-long revolution which ended last October.
Former President Gustavo Baroja remains in custody awaiting his trial date, which is scheduled for next month. Several high-ranking regime officers also await trial, charged with crimes against humanity and human rights violations while serving Baroja. They face a maximum sentence of 25 years in prison if convicted.
GALLERY: Local residents assist their neighbours in rebuilding their homes outside Ambato
According to Romo, internet and electricity connections have been repaired in 90% of urban areas and 67% of rural areas outside of Quito by the National Reconstruction Team; large swathes of the capital remain without power, a consequence of the brutal street-to-street fighting which characterized the liberation of the city from regime fanatics.
Peruvian humanitarian aid teams and peacekeepers have been present throughout the country since the liberation of Quito, helping to restore services and maintain order as Ecuador picks up the pieces.
GALLERY: Peruvian soldiers patrol the outskirts of Quito
A Truth and Reconciliation Commission has been established by Nuevo Ecuador, with the intention being to reintegrate former regime loyalists into everyday Ecuadorian society. Modelled off of that of Peru in the early 2000s, the Commission aims to provide a record of the human rights violations perpetuated during the Baroja regime and the Nuevo Ecuador Revolution, to recommend mechanisms to promote and strengthen human rights, and to provide an avenue for nationwide, community-based healing.
The task of rebuilding and reintegrating the Ecuadorian armed forces, police, and civil service has been an arduous one. With the functions of the State having been co-opted by the Baroja regime, it has been difficult to separate duty to the country from duty to Baroja. Peruvian advisors have reportedly been involved in mediating discussions between Nuevo Ecuador and former regime loyalists, in order to help build a stronger, united Ecuador from the ashes. (I)
[Nuevo Ecuador] [Ecuador] [National Reconstruction] [Truth and Reconciliation]
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2020.08.10 22:34 ElysianDreams [EXPANSION] La Republica: Nuevo Ecuador leader Maria Paula Romo declares victory and the dawn of a "New Ecuador" following capture of Baroja and liberation of Quito

La República

GALLERY: Nuevo Ecuador interim leader Maria Paula Romo announces the capture of former President Gustavo Baroja from the Foreign Ministry building in Quito

Nuevo Ecuador leader Maria Paula Romo declares victory and the dawn of a "New Ecuador" following capture of Baroja and liberation of Quito

After two months of bitter house-to-house fighting, the Ecuadorian capital of Quito has been liberated from Baroja regime loyalists by Nuevo Ecuador troops and ordinary citizens.
Redacción :
Alessandra Alvarez Wong
7 de octobre 2029 10:31 h
GUAYAQUIL - Following the capture of former president Gustavo Baroja and the liberation of Quito, Nuevo Ecuador interim leader Maria Paula Romo has declared victory and the dawn of a "New Ecuador."
Internet access is slowly being restored across the conflict-torn Andean country, which has suffered much since the start of the Nuevo Ecuador Revolution in January. The official civilian death toll is estimated at just under five thousand, with thousands more injured - having been caught in the crossfire or attacked by regime loyalists.
Disruption of supply chains has led to tens of thousands more being in desperate need of medical attention, food, and water - despite the best efforts of Peruvian humanitarian aid teams being dispatched over the past months.
Peruvian President Martin Vizcarra has hailed the announcement as a "victory for Latin America and democracy," extending his heartfelt congratulations to Nuevo Ecuador for the liberation of their homeland from authoritarianism and state terror. He also offered is deepest condolences to those who have lost loved ones or been otherwise affected by the civil conflict, and pledged greater Peruvian assistance in rebuilding the country.
A Peruvian military peacekeeping force has been promised in the coming weeks to assist the Ecuadorian government in maintaining order and performing humanitarian missions, while a team of engineers and aid workers has already been dispatched to repair critical infrastructure such as internet, water, and roadways.
Baroja is currently awaiting trial in the basement of the mostly-ruined Carondelet Palace, which Romo has promised will be renovated to become a museum and monument to the civil conflict which has claimed so many lives.
Elections have been tentatively scheduled for April of next year, with Nuevo Ecuador having a six-month mandate to manage the nation's recovery.
TEMAS: [Ecuador] [Nuevo Ecuador] [Greater Andes] [#NoMas Movement] [Libertad]
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2020.08.10 20:01 SteamedSpy4 [BATTLE] Libertad y Muerte: The Fall of Quito and the Nuevo Ecuador Revolution

”By late 2029, the Baroja regime was in a state of complete disarray. Quito collapsed after Rodriguez was killed in an alleged Peruvian drone strike. Baroja was being hunted down by Peruvian special forces and vengeful Nuevo Ecuador militias. The last major loyalist bastions remained on the coastal flats and in the jungle- but the latter was no help to anyone, and the former rapidly collapsed under the concerted Nuevo Ecuador assault. As spotty internet returned, what little public support the regime maintained collapsed out from under it.”
Coup de Grace: The Nuevo Ecuador Revolution 

The New Order: September 18, 2029

As Ecuador collapsed, the first objective set by Peruvian troops and Nuevo Ecuador militants was the entrapment of President Baroja. Peruvian special forces launched a raid on Baroja’s alleged destination at Manta, cutting off one of the last escape routes out of the country. Loyalist support collapsed as the Nuevo Ecuador forces, now controlling larger and larger chunks of territory, were able to restore internet access. Communications remained spotty, but news of the “Butcher of Quito” cratered already-low morale. An offensive across the coastal plains encountered haphazard resistance, gaining strength as defectors aligned with Nuevo Ecuador. By October, Peruvian armor had joined the little green marines at the gates of Quito.
The assault on Ambato, where some regime loyalists survived, was messier, but with some internet access now restored, Nuevo Ecuador leaders were able to mass protesters and defectors to hamper any military response. Receiving orders to fire on protesters, many units simply defected to Nuevo Ecuador. Ambato fell in only a week of sporadic fighting; the leaders of the loyalist units in the city were never found by the Peruvians, who carefully avoided any searches after they fell into Nuevo Ecuador’s hands.

The Snake Den: October 5th, 2029

With all of the troops in position, the last step was taking Quito. The butcher general’s fanatical special forces remained active, even if the general himself had been killed. Protesters and defectors, however, were now able to coordinate with Nuevo Ecuador forces. Nuevo Ecuador forces were forced to fight a grinding, block-by-block campaign against surviving regime fanatics and some of the warlord units that had sprung up on the streets. Nevertheless, the outcome was never in doubt. After nearly two months of fighting, Nuevo Ecuador forces seized the Carondelet Palace and declared victory in Quito.
Incidentally, it was at about this point that Nuevo Ecuador militants found the disgraced former president Gustavo Baroja hiding in a safehouse in Portoviejo. Baroja, it appears, was waiting for the situation to cool down so that he could leave the country via the nearby airport. Unfortunately for Baroja, Nuevo Ecuador-aligned forces were less than accommodating, and dragged him to the recently-secured capital at Quito. Baroja is currently awaiting trial beneath the Carondelet Palace.
Unit Lost
Infantry 2,553
Discuna IMV 22
Bionix II 16
Fiat 6616 5
AMX-13 5
Tifon-2a 8
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2020.08.06 12:55 Reddit-STD-4-FREEDOM Document Exposes New US Plot To Overthrow Nicaragua’s Elected Socialist Government, Again.

Document Exposes New US Plot To Overthrow Nicaragua’s Elected Socialist Government, Again.

A newly released document exposes a US government operation to overthrow the democratically elected socialist government in Nicaragua.

The plot is administered by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), a regime-change vehicle that uses the pretense of “humanitarian aid” to advance Washington’s aggressive foreign-policy interests.
The document (PDF) details the creation of a new “task order” called Responsive Assistance in Nicaragua (RAIN) and its plan for “Nicaragua’s transition to democracy” – a euphemism for removing the leftist Sandinista Front for National Liberation (known commonly by the Spanish acronym FSLN) from power.
In the pages, the US government agency uses hardline neoconservative rhetoric, referring to Nicaragua’s elected government as the “Ortega regime,” and making it clear that Washington wants to install a neoliberal administration that will privatize the economy, impose neoliberal reforms, and purge all institutions of any trace of the leftist Sandinista movement.
The USAID regime-change scheme states openly that one of its top “mission goals” is for Nicaragua to “transition to a rules-based market economy” based on the “protection of private property rights.”
The document concludes by calling for the future US-installed regime in Nicaragua to “rebuild institutions” and “reestablish” the military and police; to “dismantle parallel institutions” that support the Sandinista Front; and to persecute FSLN leaders through “transitional justice measures” – in other words, a thorough purge of the Sandinista movement to prevent it from ever returning to power.
In case it was not explicit enough that Washington’s goal was regime change, the 14-page USAID document employed the word “transition” 102 times, including nine times on the first page alone.
USAID declared its intention to assist in what could be an “orderly transition” or a “sudden transition without elections,” which is clear code for a coup. At the same time, it acknowledged that Nicaragua’s right-wing opposition is divided and has little chance of winning the upcoming 2021 national election.

https://preview.redd.it/c36321qc4df51.png?width=768&format=png&auto=webp&s=6b0129c06092fc134e462f53b06e6b3de3e2f7c0

USAID oversees another far-right coup attempt in Latin America

Ever since the Sandinista Front returned to power in Nicaragua through democratic elections in 2006, Washington has been hellbent on trying to topple it.
In 2018, the Donald Trump administration supported a violent coup attempt in Nicaragua, in which far-right gangs took over neighborhoods and paralyzed the country with bloody barricades known as tranques. The US-backed insurgents unleashed a reign of terror, killing and injuring hundreds of Sandinista activists and state security forces; marking the homes of leftist activists, ransacking and burning some down; and torturing and threatening supporters of the elected government.
When the 2018 putsch attempt failed, the US government resorted to a raft of aggressive tactics to bring down Nicaragua’s leadership. In the past two years, the Trump administration has imposed several rounds of suffocating sanctions on the small Central American nation, often with bipartisan support in Congress, not a word of opposition from the Democratic Party, and cheers from the billionaire-funded human rights industry.
The US Agency for International Development was instrumental in the Donald Trump administration’s violent US coup attempts against Venezuela’s elected government in 2019, working directly with the Department of Defense. USAID has poured hundreds of millions of dollars funding the US regime-change efforts against the leftist Chavista government, and has bankrolled the Trump-backed coup regime of Juan Guaidó.
USAID has always functioned as a CIA cutout and soft-power arm for Washington. But under the Trump administration, it has kicked its coup efforts in Latin America into hyper drive.
In April 2020, USAID was taken over by de facto director John Barsa, a hardline Republican businessman, Trump ally, and son of anti-communist Cuban immigrants. In coordination with Secretary of State and former CIA Director Mike Pompeo, Barsa has turned USAID into a blunt weapon of regime change, openly financing putsch efforts against the socialist governments of Cuba, Venezuela, and Nicaragua.

US govt’s Democracy International posts job listing for USAID coup liaison in Nicaragua

The Grayzone contacted USAID to ask confirmation that the document detailing its plans for a political “transition” in Nicaragua was authentic. The agency did not respond.
We were able, however, to gather evidence demonstrating the document’s legitimacy. The pages spelling out the regime-change plot employ precisely the same language and phrases as a job listing that was posted in late July by another US government-funded organization, Democracy International. In fact, the USAID document appears to be a more detailed job description for this post.
Democracy International stated in its listing on LinkedIn that it was seeking a Nicaraguan national in the capital of Managua to work as a “Senior Level Technical Expert – Democracy, Human Rights, and Governance to provide technical and programmatic support for USAID/Nicaragua’s Responsive Assistance in Nicaragua (RAIN) Task Order.”
Directly echoing the USAID document, the Democracy International job listing said that the “purpose of the Task Order is ‘to provide rapid, responsive, and relevant analytical and technical assistance that bridge USAID/Nicaragua’s efforts to create the conditions for, and support, a peaceful transition to democracy in Nicaragua.'”
This employee would help develop a “Transition Response Plan” – a regime-change scheme. (The brief job listing uses the term “transition” 10 times.)

https://preview.redd.it/sqgntuqf4df51.png?width=768&format=png&auto=webp&s=8776e8e274b0809b55257cddedbbb080aa2f4fa5
During the Cold War, coup coordination jobs like these would have been covert positions arranged with the CIA. In the freewheeling 21st century, however, this dirty regime-change work is carried out in the open, and advertised publicly on LinkedIn.
In case it wasn’t clear what this organization’s relationship was to USAID, it stated clearly on the post: “Democracy International, Inc. (DI) provides technical assistance, analytical services and project implementation for democracy, human rights, governance and conflict mitigation programs worldwide for the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), the U.S. State Department and other development partners.”
The job listing explicitly noted that the employee would work with the US government to provide “technical advice and country knowledge to GON (government of Nicaragua) ministries, USG (US government), and other stakeholders.”
Clearly, Democracy International is searching for a local point person to help carry out Washington’s regime-change efforts on the ground. The USAID document spelled out in detail the specific destabilization strategy that this liaison would follow.
The Grayzone called the Democracy International office with a request for comment on the LinkedIn job listing, the RAIN program, and the USAID document. A secretary would not let us speak with a specific member of the international team, simply saying, “We will inform the relevant people that we have received a call and I can give them their name and number and they will call you.”
The secretary asked if The Grayzone had a specific question to respond to. We said, “Local Nicaraguan media outlets have criticized USAID’s RAIN program, which is described in the Democracy International job posting, and characterized it as what appears to be an attempt at orchestrating a coup in the country. Can you respond to that characterization and do you think it is fair or unfair?” The Democracy International secretary replied, “Wow that’s so interesting. I will definitely let them know that you called.”

USAID’s regime-change plot to “transition” Nicaragua to a “market economy”

USAID’s Responsive Assistance in Nicaragua (RAIN) plan makes it clear that it is just a “short term bridge” to bring about regime change in the country, adding, “It is USAID’s intent to follow RAIN with longer-term programs, which will be determined as the crisis evolves.”
The regime-change plot outlined a “Mission Goal 2” in which “Nicaragua provides basis for future economic growth and increased trade through transition to a rules-based market economy based on transparent and accountable regulatory institutions, fiscal and monetary stability, respect for the rule-of-law and protection of private property rights.”
A supplementary “mission objective” emphasized USAID’s desire for a new neoliberal regime in Nicaragua that “works with the private sector to rebuild institutionality and an efficient and fair administrative bureaucracy” – in other words, mass privatization.
(Among the supposed crimes committed by the Nicaraguan “regime,” USAID lists “confiscation of properties.”)

https://preview.redd.it/gcga9wci4df51.png?width=768&format=png&auto=webp&s=d67c3e9db5e3b8fd9acd481a220110c1ae77e9a2
The USAID document outlined further US priorities for Nicaragua following a successful regime-change operation.
USAID’s “Mission Goal 3” would be “Security reform and rebuilding institutions” to “reestablish independent and professional security forces.” This is clearly a call for purging the police and military of Sandinista loyalists and bring in US trainers to establish a neocolonial-style security force, much like General Keith Dayton did in the occupied West Bank after Palestinian resistance was extinguished following the Second Intifada.
The “new government must act quickly to dismantle parallel institutions,” USAID adds. This is an indirect hint that Washington seeks to destroy the Sandinista Front, the Sandinista Youth, and other grassroots institutions that work with but are independent of the current socialist government. At its most severe, such a proposal could amount to an Augusto Pinochet-style purge of the left in Nicaragua.
“Additionally, it will need to implement transitional justice measures,” the USAID document added. This language, which has also been used in the proxy war on Syria, suggests the new neoliberal Nicaraguan government would be compelled to prosecute Sandinista Front officials, echoing the strategy the US-backed right-wing regimes in Bolivia and Ecuador have used to criminalize the left-wing parties that previously ruled those countries, hunt down former leftist leaders, and throw opposition officials in prison on dubious charges.
Another important part of the RAIN job would include recruiting native coup coordinators to help carry out the regime-change plot. USAID described this responsibility as follows: “Identification of potential Nicaraguan partners for rapid impact Grants Under Task Order to promote transition-related activities.”
The initiative allotted $540,000 in grants to entice Nicaraguan opposition groups into assisting the regime-change effort. (In the second-poorest country in the Western hemisphere, where the minimum wage is between $200 and $300 per month, half a million dollars is no petty sum.)
These funds would compliment the millions of dollars that USAID and the NED provide to right-wing Nicaraguan organizations every year.
The USAID document insisted that “Nicaragua’s immediate future remains highly uncertain.” Yet it acknowledged that the right-wing opposition is divided and unpopular, admitting that its leadership has not “coalesced around a party or candidate.”
Taking into account the weakness of the opposition heading into the 2021 national elections, the USAID plan outlines three scenarios for the overthrow of the socialist government and a “transition” to a US-friendly neoliberal regime.
The first is an “Orderly Transition scenario,” a far-fetched situation in which an unpopular US-backed opposition group somehow manages to win the election.
The second potential regime-change scenario is described as a “Sudden, Unanticipated Transition,” in “which one or more political crises, such as a snap or failed election, a presidential resignation, a major health crisis, a major natural disaster, or internal conflicts, lead to sudden regime crisis and transition either to an interim government or a new government.” This is the coup option, and USAID makes it clear that it would be more than happy with such a situation, and wants its RAIN liaison to prepare for it.
The third is a “Delayed Transition scenario,” in which the Sandinista government remains in power. In this case, USAID says that RAIN would help it destabilize the government in other ways and lead to future regime change.

https://preview.redd.it/pbljilbv4df51.png?width=768&format=png&auto=webp&s=b2080eea5757f4fe414ea1f2d1e3ea3a3c3f2853
But USAID didn’t want readers to get the wrong impression. It stressed in the document that its coup would be “gender sensitive in compliance” and based on “gender-informed analytical work.” (Although the women who make up the bulk of the Sandinista base would have to be excluded from Washington’s woke political “transition”).
The USAID document balanced its liberal language on gender with neoconservative rhetoric claiming, “Malign foreign influences, principally Cuba, Venezuela, and Russia, will continue to attempt to strengthen the corrupt autocratic Ortega regime.”

“What if Nicaragua did that in the United States?”

The existence of the USAID regime-change document was first reported on July 31 on the popular Nicaraguan radio and video show Sin Fronteras, hosted by William Grigsby Vado.
Grigsby, a prominent leftist media personality with a large following at the base of the Sandinista Front, condemned the US plot. “It is nauseating, the document; bearing to read it is difficult,” he said in outrage. “You have to have a strong liver to bear it. It pained me a lot.”
“What right does the US government have to contract a firm to subvert public order in any country?” Grigsby fumed. “It is a shameless intervention. Before they did it with the military; in this case they are doing it by subverting public order and funding political opposition activities. That is unacceptable!”
“What if Nicaragua did that in the United States, if for example Daniel Ortega said, ‘Hey, we’re going to help the protesters in Portland’?” he added. “But they reserve to themselves the right to act against the democratic institutionality of a country.”
Grigsby concluded by condemning “yankee imperialism” and slamming Nicaraguan opposition figures who are participating in this regime-change scheme.
“You all can do one of two things,” he thundered at the opposition. “Follow the rules of democracy, accept your defeat, and participate in the political game. Or you can simply remain as treasonists, hitmen, and traitors.”
The USAID document shows Washington pushing the latter option, and driving the country into a deepened conflict.
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2020.07.29 00:39 ElysianDreams [CONFLICT] La Republica: Nuevo Ecuador confirms death of "Butcher of Carondelet" General Javier Perez Rodriguez, pushes to capture central coast Operación Libertad o Muerte

La República

GALLERY: Interim Nuevo Ecuador leader Maria Paula Romo inspects an NEC military parade in Guayaquil

Nuevo Ecuador confirms death of "Butcher of Carondelet" General Javier Perez Rodriguez, pushes to capture central coast

The majority of Ecuador has been liberated from regime loyalists and splintered ex-military factions, but the capital of Quito and the central coastal plains remain in a state of chaos as former President Baroja continues to evade capture
Redacción :
Alessandra Alvarez Wong
2 de septiembre 2029 10:31 h
GUAYAQUIL - Speaking from the steps of the Municipal Palace in Guayaquil in her daily press conference, Nuevo Ecuador interim leader Maria Paula Romo confirmed this morning the death of the "Butcher of Carondelet", General Javier Perez Rodriguez.
General Rodriguez was the highest-ranking Baroja loyalist not in hiding at the time of his death, leading regime fanatics from the Carondelet Palace in the capital city of Quito. He was responsible for ordering the massacre of peaceful protesters and opposition activists earlier this year, despite the efforts of Nuevo Ecuador (NEC) forces to liberate the city and put an end to his reign of terror.
Rodriguez was allegedly killed by an unidentified drone strike against his base in the Carondelet Palace, which was unfortunately destroyed in the ensuing conflagration. Maria Romo confirmed the burning of the Palace, and noted with sorrow the loss of priceless cultural artifacts - although she has been quoted as saying that "it was an ugly building, anyways. It was the things inside which were important."
Former President Gustavo Baroja remains at large despite an Interpol Red Notice being issued for his arrest.
Romo announced that NEC forces began pushing into the central coast and cordillera as of last night, fighting to liberate the last parts of Ecuador which remain out of reach.
TEMAS: [Ecuador] [Nuevo Ecuador] [Greater Andes] [#NoMas Movement] [Little Green Men]
TRÁFICO URGENTE COMUNICADO A: FUERZA DE INTERVENCIÓN "HUASCAR" OPERACIÓN LIBERTAD O MUERTE POR EL COMANDO GENERAL DE: MINISTERIO DE DEFENSA NACIONAL EDIFICIO QUINONES - LIMA MENSAJE COMIENZA: 
From General de División Pariwana Suarez Mayhuasca, Ejército del Peru, Commanding Officer, Fuerza de Intervención "Huascar"
Congratulations to all on the successes of Op. OLLANTAYTAMBO. We're on the final stretch, now. Just a little bit longer.
Our next three objectives are to liberate Manta, Ambato, and Quito - these are the last major cities remaining outside the control of Nuevo Ecuador, and will be the final step before the total liberation of the country. With loyalist forces decimated and in disarray, we shall strike with unity and precision when our foe is least prepared.
DINI Maskirovka and SIGINT operations will continue over the next weeks as Nuevo Ecuador liberates more territory, limiting loyalist resistance and heightening popular support for the anti-Baroja movement. As always, all efforts must be made to limit civilian casualties and collateral damage in order to secure a better post-revolution political landscape. Remember that our goal is not only the overthrow of Baroja, but also the installation of a new government more amenable to Peruvian interests. Do try and keep the locals happy.
All armed individuals or groups in the region are to be treated as lawful combatants, with all the privileges that entails. Any prisoners shall be kept for trial by civilian authorities at a later date. We would much rather not have any war crimes investigations once this all dies down.
You have your orders. Make it so.
TRÁFICO URGENTE COMANDOS DEL DIA FUERZA DE INTERVENCIÓN "HUASCAR" MENSAJE COMIENZA: 
Quote of the day: And Great Viracocha, Father of All, looked upon His works and was glad, and so He took up the attire of a beggar and the name of Qun Tiqsi Wiraqutra and walked across the Western Ocean to spread His civilizing word

OPERACIÓN LIBERTAD O MUERTE

INTERACTIVE MAP

Objective 1 The coastal plains: Manta

Manta is the fifth most-populous city in Ecuador, and is the likely destination of former President Gustavo Baroja. We're going to try and cut him off before he can flee.
Basically, we'll have the 1st Special Forces Brigade (Airmobile) stage out of Salinas and execute a combat jump to seize Aeropuerto Internacional Eloy Alfaro in Manta. Once the runway and its approach is cleared, further transports will land the rest of the troops on the ground and deliver supplies. From there, the harbour should be seized relatively quickly.
Nuevo Ecuador motorized infantry will advance from Guayaquil at the same time, cutting off Manta from the rest of the country.
We'll park the Almirante Grau Aegis destroyer offshore to provide overwatch and dissuade the Ecuadorian Air Force's sole Tucano squadron at Manta from sortieing, just in case, while a pair of F/A-18H Yellowjackets escort our transport planes.
1st Special Forces Brigade (Airmobile)
HQ: SALINAS
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 SALINAS
19th Commando Battalion Special Forces 600 SALINAS
29th Commando Battalion Special Forces 600 SALINAS
10th Airmobile Artillery Group Artillery 200 24x 81mm mortar, 4x RO-107 107mm MLRS SALINAS
A Flight, 612 Squadron "Fighting Roosters" Fighters 10 2x F/A-18H Yellowjacket
3rd NEC Infantry Brigade
HQ: GUAYAQUIL
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 GUAYAQUIL
1st Battalion Light Infantry 800 Organic trucks & light vehicles GUAYAQUIL
2nd Battalion Light Infantry 800 Organic trucks & light vehicles GUAYAQUIL
3rd Battalion Light Infantry 800 Organic trucks & light vehicles GUAYAQUIL
TOTAL
Unit Numbers
Personnel 4,040
81mm mortar 24
RO-107 107mm MLRS 4
F/A-18H Yellowjacket multirole 2
C-390 Millennium 6
Sejong the Great-Class Aegis DDG 1

Objective 2 Pushing through the central plains: Santo Domingo

Likewise, pretty simple. We'll just push a pair of armoured brigades northwards through the central plains to link up with our marines chilling at the gates of Quito; this will require the capture of the logistics hub of Quevedo and then continuing onwards to Santo Domingo.
We don't expect there to be much opposition, but just in case, we're using our big guns. Once they join our troops near Quito, they'll have a day or two to rest before we liberate the capital.
1st Armoured Cavalry Brigade
HQ: NARANJAL
A heavy armoured brigade, fielding 80 Tifon-2a main battle tanks and 120 Singaporean Hunter AFVs alongside modern self-propelled artillery and support units. Allegedly involved in the 2029 Nuevo Ecuador revolution.
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Squadron Headquarters & Signals 120 SULLANA
5th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Hunter AFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar SULLANA
6th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Hunter AFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar SULLANA
7th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Hunter AFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar SULLANA
31st Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Hunter AFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar SULLANA
51st Reconnaissance Battalion Armoured Reconnaissance 400 36x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x CIDEP Ricuk URAV, 12x Spike-LR ATGM SULLANA
51st Artillery Group Field Artillery 400 27x SSPH Primus 155mm SPH, 9x Astros II MLRS SULLANA
51st Armoured Engineer Battalion Combat Engineering 600 48x DISCA Vicuna IMV SULLANA
51st Service Group Combat Service Support 600 SULLANA
3rd Armoured Cavalry Brigade
HQ: NARANJAL
Heavy armoured brigade, fielding 80 Tifon-2a main battle tanks, 144 Singaporean Bionix II IFVs, self-propelled artillery, and modern support units. Oriented against the Chilean Army's VI Division.
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 MOQUEGUA
41st Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Bionix II IFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar MOQUEGUA
57th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Bionix II IFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar LOCUMBA
211th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Bionix II IFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar MOQUEGUA
311th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Bionix II IFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar LOCUMBA
3rd Reconnaissance Battalion Armoured Reconnaissance 400 24x Bionix II IFV, 12x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x CIDEP Ricuk URAV, 12x Spike-LR ATGM MOQUEGUA
3rd Artillery Group Self-propelled Artillery 400 27x SSPH Primus 155mm SPH, 9x Type 90B 122mm MLRS MOQUEGUA
3rd Armoured Engineer Battalion Combat Engineering 600 MOQUEGUA
3rd Service Battalion Combat Service Support 600 MOQUEGUA
TOTAL (sans casualties)
Unit Numbers
Personnel 10,640
Tifon-2a MBT 143
Hunter AFV 120
Bionix II IFV 121
DISCA Vicuna IMV 282
SSPH Primus 155mm SPH 54
Astros II MLRS 9
Type 90B MLRS 9
81mm mortar 48
CIDEP Ricuk URAV 12

Objective 3 Mopping up the centre: Ambato

Ambato is apparently a decently important city in Ecuador's central cordillera, and historically was one of the first cities to be liberated from the Spanish during Ecuador's war of independence. The city has also been destroyed by earthquakes numerous times, the most recent being in 1949 when it was almost completely levelled - it took two years to rebuild it all! Hopefully it doesn't get destroyed this time, yeah?
Given the difficult terrain surrounding Ambato, we'll be attacking from three sides with numerical superiority; we suspect that some regime loyalists are holed up in there, but with the internet down we're kinda blind.
From the west, the Bionix II-equipped 1st Infantry Brigade and the Nuevo Ecuador 1st NEC Brigade will push through the mountain passes around Mt. Chimborazo; while our Bionix IIs didn't fare terribly well last time, hopefully the surviving crews are a bit more experienced this time around.
From Cuenca in the south, the AMX-13/105-equipped 5th Mountain Brigade and the Nuevo Ecuador 2nd NEC Infantry Brigade will navigate the mountain valleys and single-lane roads in the region to advance into Ambato along the E35 highway. They'll be supported by a squadron of Mi-35P Hind helicopter gunships.
Finally, from the east, the hovercraft-equipped Selva Marine Regiment will advance along the Pastaza river and the E30 highway to cut off any attempts by loyalists to flee into the jungle. Su-25UB gunships will be made available in support.
5th Mountain Brigade
HQ: MACHALA
Armoured cavalry brigade outfitted for mountain warfare, fielding a fleet of light IMVs backed up with Cold War-era armoured vehicles.
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 CUZCO
123rd Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x AMX-13 Light Tank, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar CALLAPALCA
10th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x FIAT 6616 armoured car, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar CUZCO
15th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x FIAT 6616 armoured car, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar CUZCO
59th Jungle Cavalry Regiment Light Infantry 800 72x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar QUILLABAMBA
5th Reconnaissance Battalion Armoured Reconnaissance 400 36x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x CIDEP Ricuk URAV, 12x Spike-LR ATGM CUZCO
114th Field Artillery Group Field Artillery 200 24x SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer CUZCO
5th Service Battalion Combat Service Support 600 CUZCO
1st Infantry Brigade
HQ: TUMBES
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 TUMBES
223rd Tank Battalion Armour 600 25x Tifon-2a MBT TUMBES
3rd Infantry Battalion Mechanized Infantry 1000 72x Bionix II IFV ZORRITOS
5th Infantry Battalion Mechanized Infantry 1000 80x UR-416 APC ZARUMILLA
51st Infantry Battalion Mechanized Infantry 1000 60x M113A1 APC TUMBES
1st Field Artillery Group Field Artillery 200 24x SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer TUMBES
1st Service Battalion Combat Service Support 600 TUMBES
Selva Marine Regiment
HQ: ANDOAS
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
1st Naval Infantry Amazonian Battalion "Teniente Segundo Raúl Riboty Villalpando" Jungle Infantry 400 20x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft IQUITOS
2nd Naval Infantry Amazonian Battalion "Teniente Primero Sergio Gonzales Quevedo" Jungle Infantry 400 20x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft PUCALLPA
1st NEC Infantry Brigade
HQ: GUAYAQUIL
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 GUAYAQUIL
1st Battalion Light Infantry 800 Organic trucks & light vehicles GUAYAQUIL
2nd Battalion Light Infantry 800 Organic trucks & light vehicles GUAYAQUIL
3rd Battalion Light Infantry 800 Organic trucks & light vehicles GUAYAQUIL
2nd NEC Infantry Brigade
HQ: GUAYAQUIL
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 GUAYAQUIL
1st Battalion Light Infantry 800 Organic trucks & light vehicles GUAYAQUIL
2nd Battalion Light Infantry 800 Organic trucks & light vehicles GUAYAQUIL
3rd Battalion Light Infantry 800 Organic trucks & light vehicles GUAYAQUIL
TOTALS (Sans casualties)
Unit Numbers
Personnel 14,880
Tifon-2a MBT 25
AMX-13/105 Light Tank 20
Bionix II IFV 50
FIAT 6616 Armoured Car 30
Generic APC 140
DISCA Vicuna IMV 276
Bagre-2000 hovercraft 40
SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer 48
81mm mortar 24
CIDEP Ricuk URAV 6
Su-25UB 18
F/A-18H Yellowjacket 10
Cessna A-37 20
Mi-25P Hind 16

Objective 4 Cracking the nut: Quito

And now finally, with the rest of the country liberated under the flag of Nuevo Ecuador, we turn our attentions back to the mountain metropolis of Quito. With General Rodriguez dead, whatever regime loyalists left should be in total disarray. We'll give them one last chance to surrender, before we throw everything we have into the city and dig them out block-by-block.
It'll suck, but by now our troops are hardened from intense urban fighting across Ecuador - we should have the capability to triumph over a bunch of regime loyalist blowhards who are stuck in an increasingly hostile city surrounded by people who hate them.
Units:
  • 1st Armoured Cavalry Brigade
  • 3rd Armoured Cavalry Brigade
  • 1st Infantry Brigade
  • 4th Mountain Brigade
  • 5th Mountain Brigade
  • 1st NEC Infantry Brigade
  • 2nd NEC Infantry Brigade
  • 1st Marine Expeditionary Brigade
  • Selva Marine Regiment
TOTALS (Sans casualties)
Unit Numbers
Personnel 31,540
Tifon-2a MBT 172
AMX-13/105 Light Tank 40
Hunter AFV 120
Bionix II IFV 171
FIAT 6616 Armoured Car 90
Generic APC 140
DISCA Vicuna IMV 818
Bagre-200 hovercraft 40
SSPH Primus 155mm SPH 54
SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer 72
D-30 122mm howitzer 8
Soltam 120mm mortar 12
81mm mortar 96
Astros II MLRS 9
Type 90B MLRS 9
CIDEP Ricuk URAV 24
F/A-18H Yellowjacket 24
Su-25UB attack 18
Cessna A-37 20
Mi-35P Hind 15
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2020.07.28 21:47 guyfromvault11 [EVENT] Completing the Ferrocaril de Nariño

Following the completion of the Ferrocarril de Pacifico up to Popayan in the recent years, the time has come to continue the programmed expansion of the Ferrocarril de Pacifico and connecting it to the Ferrocaril de Nariño near the Ecuadorian Border.
Following the Colombian Report on the Expansion of the Southern Railway of 1922, this move will allow for:
As well as that, we will be investigating the possibility of connecting our railways directly onto Ecuador, and onto the Ecuadorian capital of Quito.
This will be funded through cash allocated by various development programs in the prior years, as well as seeking some foreign investment in exchange for shares on the railway.

Expansion of the Ferrocaril de Pacifico

From To Distance
Popoyan Rosas 26 KM
Rosas El Bordo 30 KM
El Bordo Mercaderes 42 KM
Mercaderes Chachaguí 75 KM
Chachagui Pasto 15 KM
Total ---- 188 KM
At the same time, we will be proceeding towards connecting Pasto with the border town of Ipiales. Once the railway reaches Pasto, this connection to the border should be complete.
From To Distance
Pasto Tangua ---
Tangua Ipiales ---
Total --- 37 KM

Expansion of the Ferrocaril de Nariño

From To Distance
El Diviso Providencia ---
Providencia Tuquerres ---
Tuquerres Tangua ---
Tangua Pasto ---
Total --- 201 KM

Costs

This expansion project should reach around 15 million RK, to be spent across the various years of construction in order to reduce the weight on the national budget. This ambitious project will allow a full renewal of the southern Colombian economy, as well as open new economic prospects to the country.
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2020.07.21 18:20 ElysianDreams [DIPLOMACY] La Republica: Nuevo Ecuador declares provisional government in Guayaquil; Peru issues Interpol Red Notice for former Ecuadorian President Gustavo Boraja

La República

GALLERY: Nuevo Ecuador interim leader Maria Paula Romo addresses the media from the NEC government headquarters in Guayaquil

Nuevo Ecuador declares provisional government in Guayaquil; Peru issues Interpol Red Notice for former Ecuadorian President Gustavo Boraja

The majority of Ecuador has been liberated from regime loyalists and splintered ex-military factions, but the capital of Quito and the central coastal plains remain in a state of chaos as former President Baroja continues to evade capture
Redacción :
Alessandra Alvarez Wong
30 de agosto 2029 09:50 h
GUAYAQUIL - Speaking from the steps of the Municipal Palace in Guayaquil, Nuevo Ecuador interim leader Maria Paulo Romo declared this morning the formation of a provisional government in Ecuador's second-largest city.
The Nuevo Ecuador government, coalescing from a number of disparate opposition parties and protester-led movements in the southern town of Naranjal, has emerged as the primary opposition force to the left-wing Baroja regime over the past few months. Its meteoric rise has been supported by the appearance of so-called "Little Green Men" earlier this year, who seized numerous strategic locations around the country in support of anti-regime protests.
Rumours and accusations of Peruvian intervention in favour of Nuevo Ecuador have been consistently denied by President Vizcarra and the Peruvian government, with those found guilty of spreading disinformation and false news facing a year in prison and hefty fines.
With much of the country's north and south being liberated by Nuevo Ecuador forces, Romo has declared the rebirth of the Andean nation to be nearly complete. Regime loyalists still hold out in the mountain metropolis of Quito, where General Javier Perez Rodriguez - who reportedly has ordered the massacre of thousands of peaceful demonstrators - is bunkered down in the Carondelet Palace.
Former President Gustavo Baroja's whereabouts are unknown, having fled Quito in the opening hours of the Nuevo Ecuador uprising with several regime officials.
Peru has issued an Interpol Red Notice for Boraja on behalf of Nuevo Ecuador, with the intent that he will be unable to escape to a foreign country and evade justice at the hands of the people who he oppressed.
TEMAS: [Ecuador] [Nuevo Ecuador] [Greater Andes] [#NoMas Movement] [NEC]
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2020.07.20 08:04 SteamedSpy4 [BATTLE] Little Green Marines: The Battle of Cuenca, the Assault on Quito, and the Neuvo Ecuador Revolution

”Nuevo Ecuador appeared to hold all the cards as Peruvian intervention began in earnest, leading to desperate measures by the surviving regime loyalists. Shutting off the internet starved the insurgents' fire of fuel, making organized resistance difficult and ensuring that unreliable military units heard only what Quito wanted them to hear. Quito itself quickly became a bloodbath; after all, military hardliners under Javier Rodriguez had an extensive playbook to draw from in South America's checkered past.”
Coup de Grace: The Nuevo Ecuador Revolution 

Collapse: August 13th, 2029

Shortly after the massacre of protesters outside the Carondelet Palace, the government of Ecuador descended into chaos. Reports of insurgency competed with reports of Peruvian military support, and the truth appeared to be somewhere in between. Armed troops bearing only a stylized eclipse insignia arrived from the sea and seized major population centers rapidly, and President Baroja fled into hiding as cyberattacks, rolling blackouts, defections, and raids brought the country to the brink of anarchy.
By August 13th, the major ports of Guayaquil and Esmeraldas were under attack by the ‘little green marines,’ marine raiders had seized the Ecuadorian Navy in harbor, protesters had seized control of Quito after a special forces raid by unknown commandos baited the local defenders out of position, Peruvian air forces had eliminated the Ecuadorian air defense system, and the Peruvian Army had intervened in the south to support “Nuevo Ecuador.”

The Cauldron: August 15th, 2029

As Peru declared its support for Nuevo Ecuador, the first city to fall under attack was Cuenca, home to three Ecuadorian Army brigades grouped under the 3rd Division.Two Peruvian armored cavalry brigades and one mountain warfare brigade assaulted the city across three approaches, while Su-25s and F/A-18s launched interdiction strikes to eliminate retreating formations and sever reinforcements. The defenders’ response was hampered by rolling blackouts, haywire traffic signals, and anti-regime protesters. The defending brigades hemorrhaged defectors as the Peruvian assault began, with troops receiving hundreds of mass texts and emergency alerts urging them to defect. The disruption led Ecuadorian authorities to institute a communications blackout across the entire country, leaving only their own military networks active. It became clear at this point that these networks were compromised themselves, as a few broadcasts continued to leak through, but the blackout was broadly successful in reducing the flow of propaganda to a manageable trickle. The blackout also made it extremely difficult for protesters to coordinate. Nevertheless, the damage was done for Cuenca, and Peruvian forces seized the city after a week of fighting.

Little Green Marines: August 17th, 2029

While the armored cavalry busied themselves disposing of the 3rd Division, the mechanized infantry got to work seizing Guayaquil. The Ecuadorian 2112 Fighter Squadron had by this point been grounded by the surprise arrival of a modern (and hostile) Aegis destroyer a few dozen kilometers southwest, and was seized on the ground by Peruvian infantry advancing on the city. Little green marines and Ecuadorian defectors launched a simultaneous assault, seizing the headquarters of the Ecuadorian Air Force and pushing into the city center to capture the airport. The 5th Brigade garrisoning the city surrendered in short order once defector officers arrived to offer amnesty, albeit after some persuasion from the Peruvian artillery section across the river. A special forces airdrop seized control of Salinas around the same time.

Brown Water: August 18th, 2029

Meanwhile, Peruvian light infantry units began their hovercraft expeditions up the Rio Napo and Rio Pastaza. The hovercraft convoys encountered little resistance for most of their journey as they passed on news of Nuevo Ecuador to isolated jungle communities in the wake of the blackout. The Rio Napo assault slowed down, however, as the Peruvian 5th Infantry Brigade encountered outlying elements of the Ecuadorian division stationed around Coca. Outnumbered and with a tenuous supply chain, the Peruvian advance stalled out with heavy losses, unable to cross the river into Coca proper. The hoped-for defections failed to materialize, as Ecuadorian troops deep in the jungle had been out of contact with non-military sources for over a week by this point and had little clue what was happening in the rest of the country.
Forces in the south had a far easier journey, advancing all the way to the edge of the Amazon basin and raising the possibility of a flanking assault up the southern fork of the Rio Napo. Although northern the advance had stalled, Peruvian forces nevertheless accomplished their primary objective: Baroja will have to find somewhere else to hide.

Cornered Animals: August 27th, 2029

Little green marines in Esmeraldas launched the first phase of their assault with one key advantage: they and their insurgent supporters had had plenty of time to stir the local pot before the internet blackout came down, allowing them to clear the city with widespread public support and little difficulty. This advantage evaporated as they advanced further inland. Although insurgent supporters were able to spread the word locally, the marines encountered heavy resistance as they pushed up the Andes mountains. Anti-regime forces quickly discovered that the situation in Quito was not as favorable as initially expected; after Baroja fled into hiding and (presumably) ordered the communications blackout, senior Ecuadorian military leadership apparently launched a crackdown in the city. By the time the anti-regime forces reached the summit, Quito was in total anarchy. Hundreds of protesters lay dead on the streets, clearly gunned down over the preceding days. Pro-regime military forces controlled a fortified area around the Carondelet Palace, splitting the city in half. Special forces made up the core of the regime loyalists; other military units had fractured, and were engaged in sporadic, often multi-sided fighting throughout the city. Anti-regime insurgents and defectors had been unable to meaningfully coordinate with the internet blackout still in effect and attempted mass demonstrations being met with indiscriminate gunfire. Rolling electricity blackouts made it difficult for any of the factions to consolidate their positions. The Nuevo Ecuador assault on the city bogged down quickly in the morass of urban warfare; although Nuevo Ecuador forces control both of the western approaches to the city, and have been advancing through them, they have been met by nearly fanatical resistance from pro-regime special forces, and have been unable to coordinate insurgent support due to the internet blackout. Major General Javier Rodriguez is reportedly holed up in the Carondelet Palace, and is said to have personally ordered the protester massacres; the whereabouts of President Baroja remain unknown.

CASUALTIES

Unit Lost
Infantry 4,313
Discuna IMV 44
Bionix II 46
Fiat 6616 10
AMX-13 5
Tifon-2a 17

MAP

SUMMARY

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2020.07.12 20:20 thehuman2cs South American Addendum: Another very long post on suggestions for Pre-Release content, such as resources, wonders and other things from South America

Heya.
I said in my last post that I might make a second post talking about other possible ways to represent South America, mainly resources and wonders, and then I thought about it some more and decided to do it.
My reasoning for this are a. the high and low ground and biome mechanics lends themselves to representing South America's weird terrain very well (much better than just flat and static terrain specially), and b. these recommendations would probably be a lot easier to implement than whole new cultures.
Without further ado...
Introduction
But what make South America so interesting? A lot actually. I'll copy and paste something from wikipedia here to show you what I'm talking about (also I'll keep the links if you wanna look at some pretty things)
"South America is home to the world's highest uninterrupted waterfall, Angel Falls in Venezuela; the highest single drop waterfall Kaieteur Falls in Guyana; the largest river by volume, the Amazon River; the longest mountain range, the Andes (whose highest mountain is Aconcagua at 6,962 m or 22,841 ft); the driest non-polar place on earth, the Atacama Desert; the largest rainforest, the Amazon Rainforest; the highest capital city, La Paz, Bolivia; the highest commercially navigable lake in the world, Lake Titicaca; and, excluding research stations in Antarctica, the world's southernmost permanently inhabited community, Puerto Toro, Chile." -Mr. Wiki M. Pedia
You might have noticed, that's a lot of stuff. On top of that, South America is very rich in minerals resources such as Tin, Copper, Gold, Silver, Lithium, Oil and Natural Gas. Has a lot of biodiversity and some very extreme climate. All of this makes it an interesting setting, of course this is a 4x game so it would only count for a TSL map, but that doesn't mean we can't take some of South America's most notable attributes and places, and use them for our own benefit like the Spanish and Portuguese.
A. Les Ressources
I'll be starting with resources, since I think they'd be a bit more interesting to talk about than just saying "big mountain should be in the videogame" (we'll be covering just that later though). Now, where do we begin?
  1. International resources
Here we'll be covering resources that aren't unique to South America, we'll discuss only confirmed and basically confirmed resources.
Some of these would be Tin, Copper, Gold, Silver, Salt, Coal, Cotton, Cocoa, Bananas, Wheat, Rice, Cattle and Petroleum (oil)
If I remember correctly there was mention of Bronze in a promotional video, probably indicating the presence of Copper and Tin. The fact that the "currency stat" is called Money instead of Gold suggests to me that gold will be a physical thing on the map. I think salt was shown in the reimagining terrain video on Humankind's youtube, and Silver, Coal, Cotton, Cocoa, Bananas and Oil are easy guesses, along with Wheat, Rice and Cattle being pretty obvious
(Oh and also fishies, crabbies, and whalies in the sea most likely)
Now let's get to the juicy part.
  1. South American specific resources
This is the big important part, other games are always very disappointing in this regard, I'm hoping Amplitude doesn't make the same mistake as their competitors. Even if they aren't present at launch these resources could easily be added in our hypothetical dlc discussed in my last post, discussing certain possible South American cultures for the game's first three eras, let's begin shall we?
  1. 1 Recursos Animales
Llamas, just llamas, they're literally necessary, I'm not joking, I will commit war crimes in Turkmenistan if they're not there, seriously.
On a serious note please add them, I could literally go to the outskirts of my city and see llamas, they're everywhere here, they were and are still used for food (I ate some dried llama meat this moring, it's delicious), wool and as makeshift draft animals (they're weak so they can't carry much, but it's the best thing in the continent). I'd probably have them give a divided yield of food and industry, also they're depicted a lot in textiles and ceramics, they were seriously important in the Andes, but there's another famous camelid that we're ignoring.
Alpacas! These pretty boys are used just for their wool, so unlike llamas that were domesticated to carry and move things, these guys are still smol and their wool (technically called alpaca fibre) is some of the best quality in the world. They would probably provide a different boost to llamas, maybe something comparable to luxury resources in civ? idk if humankind's mechanics could provide an analogue, but something like a hapiness boost would work well (if you guys could help me find a mechanic that could be helpful).
Finally, the black sheep (or alpacas) of the bunch, guinea pigs! despite from not being pigs nor from Guinea, these cute fellows were initially domesticated by ancient peruvian cultures to serve as food. My dad's friend had a little farm of them, there was like 200 of them and they were squeaking and they were adorable! (sadly he had to sell them due to coronavirus -_-). If they got added to the game it'd be a real cool nod to us andean players, plus the in-game people would get to eat cuy (hmmm cuy).
Oh and they'd provide just food probably.
  1. 2 Recursos Vegetales
There's a pretty decent amount of plants domesticated by indigenous South Americans, here I'll give the most important ones.
Potatoes, comme on, they're potatoes, the fact they're not in more games is honestly confusing, literally everyone eats them, please add them Amplitude, please
Oh, a fact, uhhh, there's 4,000 varieties of potatoes here in the Andes, and they're all much better than potatoes from the US (I get whiplash every time I travel there and try some potatoes, how do you survive on that, like honestly)
Corn, Also pretty self explanatory, specially because the food icon literally is corn, in the Andes in particular a drink called Chicha is made from fermented corn, it's very very old and important to indigenous and settler cultures alike, but corn's importance is far greater than just in the Andes, so it's also a must add.
Quinoa, this is an incredibly important cereal crop, that has gained a lot of popularity recently in the US, and deservedly so, being the main crop of many Andean cultures for thousands of years, even in modern diets it's sitting up there with the greats such as wheat, rice and corn for us.
Peppers, after I showed this to my dad he recommended them, they were domesticated both in South and North America, and they've become a food staple worldwide, it might conflict with the "spices" resource that's probably in already, but at the same time it's peppers so I think they're important enough
All of those last crops are just grown for food, these last ones' purpose is more cultural and spiritual
Yerba Mate, a plant that is used to make a beverage called mate, it's similar to tea, basically replacing it in the region of southern South America, here when your stomach hurts, drink some mate, you have a headache, drink some mate, wanna hot drink, drink some mate baby, this one's a bit more obscure, but I think it'd be cool in the resource roster.
Note: here we call a lot of different drinks mate, apparently the "mate" I drink is just tea, but that adds to it's cultural legacy here in South America. A specific aspect of actual mate is its social aspect, kinda like how people have teatime in the west, people get together to drink mate and socialise.
Finally we get to Coca, all non South Americans here probably know it as the plant that cocaine is made from, but it's so much more than that. It's incredibly important in Andean religion and traditonal medicine, it can decrease pain, increase energy and reduce altitude sickness (important in the mountains) by being chewed. It's specially used by miners, but most people here use it recreationally as well, I have some leaves here at home, it would probably have a religious function.
  1. 3 The Special Boys
To end this section, I'd like to note that Bolivia has lost half of its territory in wars, three of them specifically because of three resources, let's look at them shall we?
Natural Gas, lost by Bolivia after the war of the Chaco with Paraguay, admittedly this one isn't unique to South America, so I'll keep it short, if there's an energy mechanic (which there should be) this is a necessary resource, like coal and oil. Natural Gas is very important to the economy of many countries all around the world, and they could contribute to an in-game "monopoly" in the endgame like in real life, where many countries are made rich because of certain resources, energy resources in particular, like the UAE and Saudis, so the more energy resources the better!
Rubber, lost by Bolivia in the Acre war with Brazil, is rubber, just straight up rubber, I think having many different resources be necessary for making late game units could help balance late warfare quite a bit, and it could add a bit of realism too. Of course rubber would be used to make tanks and other vehicles, there's not too much to say here, I just think it'd be neat!
And finally, the weirdest choice by far is...
Guano! coming from the quechua "wanu", lost by Bolivia and Peru to Chile after the war of the Pacific (along with Bolivia's coastline (F)). You might be asking yourself why? that's a very good question because guano is not the first resource that comes to mind. The answer is simple, a. it's secreted by Peruvian boobies and I found that funny, and b. it was essential to the development of agriculture when it's functionality was discovered in the 19th century, it was (and still is) amazing fertilizer, only replaced by chemical fertilizers in the 20th century. Not only did it cause the war in South America (at the request of the British might I add) but it made the US claim a whole bunch of islands in the pacific because they had guano, the influence of literal bird poop is too much to ignore, and personally I think it could make both an interesting resource, with a special mechanic of giving it's owner fertilizer to increase the productivity of their lands, it could represent a very important resource and moment in history, and it's another little nudge to us South Americans, in my opinion that's more than enough reasons for why something should be added to a game like Humankind, I'd like your thoughts on this in particular.
I tried making a table to put each resource into and categorize where they'd spawn by biome, but there's too many of them so I'll just write it down:
(A little asterisk next to the resource's name signifies it's more likely to spawn in higher latitudes, but it can still spawn at sea level. (Forests) being written in parentheses means the resource can spawn in forests of that biome type)
Llamas*: Grasslands, Badlands
Alpacas*: Grasslands, Badlands
Guinea Pigs*: Temperate, Grasslands, Badlands
Potatoes*: Temperate, Savannah, Mediterranean, Grasslands, Badlands
Corn: Tropical (Forests), Temperate, Savannah, Mediterranean, Grasslands, Badlands (Forests)
Quinoa*: Temperate, Grasslands, Badlands (Forests)
Peppers: Tropical (Forests), Temperate (Forests), Mediterranean (Forests), Grasslands (Forests)
Mate: Temperate (Forests), Mediterranean (Forests), Grasslands (Forests)
Coca*: Tropical (Forests), Temperate (Forests), Badlands (Forests)
Natural Gas: Literally everywhere and anywhere
Rubber: Tropical (Forests) (Rubber is special because it can only spawn in forests, because it comes from a tree)
Guano: idk If coast is a biome but it'd spawn there and only there
An abstract stat like "faith" or "culture" from civ would be perfect to encapsulate these resources' yields (specifically mate, coca and alpacas), after we get more info on resources I'll try to assign them yields in Humankind terms.
B. Les Merveilles (Wonders) et carractéristques du terrain (Terrain Features)
Oof, that last part was quite exhausting, luckily it didn't require as much research as last time, but that doesn't mean it was easy! Let's do something a bit more relaxed, starting with some natural wonders that I think represent the beauty of South America.
  1. 1 Wonders of the natural variety
Here's a list of 10 natural wonders that I think are both important and beautiful, these are just my opinion of course and if I missed an important one please mention it!
Also if I remember correctly, most natural wonders will give some yields and a fame bonus to whoever discovered them, meaning they'll probably be mechanically pretty similar
Here's the list:
  1. Iguazu Falls (Argentina/Brazil)
  2. Perito Moreno Glacier (Argentina)
  3. Cerro Rico (Bolivia)
  4. Salar de Uyuni (Bolivia)
  5. Guaíara Falls (Brazil/Paraguay)
  6. Lençóis Maranhenses (Brazil)
  7. Torres del Paine (Chile)
  8. Galápagos Islands (Ecuador)
  9. Angel Falls (Venezuela)
  10. Mount Roraima (Venezuela)
Please don't expect lengthy descriptions, only brief ones and suggestions for gameplay
  1. Iguazu Falls
Starting of the list we have the biggest of all the falls. The Iguazu Falls are the result of the flow of the Iguazu river, 80% of them is owned by Argentina, I don't have much to say here, apart from the fact they're probably really beautiful.
  1. Perito Moreno Glacier
I saw this one recommended a whole lot on travel blogs, its relative proximity to human settlements make it a popular tourist destination, curiously they're actually growing contrary to most other glaciers, it's part of the southern patagonian glacier ice field that is also shared by Chile, this ice field is currently the biggest reserve of freshwater in the world, speaking of fresh water...
I want to propose a mechanic, exploitable wonders, this wonder along with a few others I'll talk about later could be exploited for their resources but at the cost of not being able to use the wonder for tourism/fame, this wonder could be used late game if the player is running out of water because their population is too big, consuming one tile of the wonder (which would probably be 3 tiles in size) for a one time big boost in freshwater, I'll talk about this more with the two next wonders specially.
  1. Cerro Rico, meaning "Rich Hill" in spanish has a very appropriate name, because it has yielded... (prepare yourself) around 50,000 tons of silver! a questionable source even saying that it contributed 90% of the silver ever excavated! And at one point the city founded to mine it, Potosí, became the most populous city in the New World! (150,000 when it set the record, 200,000 at its peak) and it became the cornerstone of the Spanish Empire's wealth for decades.
I'm not including this because it's pretty, in fact it's just an inconspicuous hill from outside, but because of how important it is, most of the silver in Europe came from it. Because of this, it's a great candidate for an "exploitable natural wonder" probably yielding 3 silver resources (or whatever is balanced for Humankind) after you put a mine on it, much more than your average silver mine, plus I'd think that the negative from exploiting a wonder makes sense for this one in particular, the mining that continues to this day has left the mountain in a fragile state, it and the city of Potosí are considered and endangered site by UNESCO (the same status as sites in the Middle East and northern Africa in places with terrorism and civil wars to put it into perspective), maybe the wonder could even be destroyed in game after some time passes (maybe that mechanic could even apply to other resources?).
Note: also the dollar sign could come from Potosí, because so much money was produced there it's said that the P and S of potosí fused into the dollar sign, first used for the spanish peso and later passed down to the US dollar
  1. Salar de Uyuni
Continuing in Bolivia, the Salar de Uyuni is the biggest salt flat in the world, being 10,000 kilometers in area, famous for it's reflective properties, this site is also located in (the province of) Potosí, it also possesses 50 to 70% of the world's lithium reserves, and also has a very diverse ecosystem consisting of animals like flamingos and... oh god... geese (they're everywhere).
This is also a contender for an "exploitable wonder", maybe having two resources, salt being mineable from the beginning of the game and lithium (probably another energy resource) only in the last era, of course it's a big boy, probably being 3 or 4 tiles big, and the downsides of exploiting it wouldn't be as bad because it occupies many tiles (irl the salt regenerates so the mining isn't a problem, but idk if that'd be balanced in the game).
  1. Guaíara Falls
Another waterfall, but with a twist, it no longer exists, because it was destroyed to make a hydroelectic plant, before that, it was one of the fastest flowing waterfalls in the world, and it's said its crashing could be heard 30 km away...
I want to propose a second mechanic, destruction of wonders, we've always had a game where a wonder was an annoyance, and we wished we could somehow remove it, well, with our new patented "wonder removalTM" You can do what you've always wanted!
The wonder would be destroyed and the empty space left behind could be developped, the downside would kinda obviously a fame reduction, it'd be a high risk high reward mechanic, and destroying a wonder unnecessarily would lead to a huge drop in popularity, so it'd need to be used wisely, how does that sound for a mechanic?
  1. Lençóis Marehenses
We'll calm down a lot more now, the next couple of wonders are mostly just aesthetic so relax, drink some hot chocolate and put on some lo-fi in the background.
The however you pronounce that is a national park, it's notable for flooding in the rainy season and getting water between the dunes, it looks real pretty after that, and like the rest of Brazil it has a lot of animals.
  1. Torres del Paine
The Torres del Paine national park encompasses mountains, glaciers, lakes and rivers, it's found across the border of the Perito Moreno Glacier. The titular "torres" (meaning towers in spanish) are joined by the Cuernos del Paine, another set of mountains, some famous lakes include the Grey, Pehoé, Nordenskiöld and Sarmiento, and some glaciers include the Grey (yes another Grey), Pingo and Tindall.
  1. Galápagos Islands
Mainstays to the 4x genre, these islands are mainly famous for their amazing biodiversity, that were studied by Darwin helping him refine his Theory of Evolution (specially the boobies), they are popular tourists destination and have a population of 25,000.
Maybe in Humankind they could be settleable?, they are relatively small so they would probably only be one or two tiles, and honestly idk if it's a good idea, so I'd really like you guys' opinion on this.
  1. Angel Falls
Angel Falls is the highest uninterrupted waterfall, of almost a kilometer in height. In one of Amplitude's videos on youtube, they say that finding the highest waterfall could give a player fame, so finding this wonder would be an easy way to achieve that
  1. Mount Roraima
Mount Roraima is a tabletop mountain found between Venezuela, Brazil and Guyana, with Venezuela owning 85% of it, it's the highest of it's kind, having an elevation of almost 3,000 meters, certain rare plant species can be found there, and it has been the subject of many expeditions.
Woo! That was surprisingly long, maybe I'll update this when we get more info on Natural Wonders, for now here's a list of honorable mentions:
Lake Titicaca, Colca Canyon, Laguna Colorada, Kaieteur Falls and Caño Cristales
I've also excluded geographical areas, like the Amazon rainforest and river, the Pantanal, the Atacama desert, the Tierra del Fuego and the Andes themselves for being way too big (also Lake Titicaca but lakes could both be wonders or just regular lakes in games like these).
1.2 Wonders of the Man-Made variety
Let's not beat around the bush here, there's four very obvious choices for Wonders, along with the last one, that's more my personal choice, and ties back to my last post on possible cultures from Pre-Columbian South America.
Here's the list
  1. Machu Picchu
  2. Moai
  3. Nazca Lines
  4. Cristo Redentor
  5. (Some part of) Tiwanaku
Let's begin:
  1. Machu Picchu
I think it's pretty obvious why Machu Picchu is important, it's so important that most 4x games even if they don't have anything else andean have Machu Picchu, it's just Machu Picchu
  1. Moai
Probably some of the most recognizable things literally ever, the Moai of Easter Island were created by the Rapa Nui to commemorate their ancestors, the tallest ones being 10 m high, maybe in game they could be made early but would need to be made in islands? Hmmm...
  1. Nazca Lines
Idk why but I 100% expected the Nazca to be in the game, even if they aren't included, I can confidently say that the Nazca Lines will (or at least should), we don't exactly know the function of 200 meter lines in the sand, but hey, they're pretty when seen from a helicopter.
Maybe in game they could also be made early but could have a desert restriction, that'd be fun.
  1. Cristo Redentor
Big Jeebus shows his dominance all over Rio de Janeiro, it's easy to see how it would have a religous use in game, maybe increasing the religious pressure in the city where it's built?
Also when reasearching I found that the little city of Cochabamba, Bolivia has a slightly bigger Jesus statue called Cristo de la Concordia (Cristo Redentor is actually pretty small compared to most other important monuments.
  1. Tiwanaku
In my last post I suggested that some part of the city of Tiwanaku should be a wonder, even if Tiwanaku itself isn't a culture, I'd suggest either the temple of Pumapunku or the whole city including other landmarks like the Gate of the Sun and Kalasasaya-
Tiwanaku isn't as necessary as the prevoius wonders, but I still think it's important enough, plus seeing the site reconstructed in HD visuals would be a treat to the eyes.
  1. Terrain features
To wrap this up, I'll just mention a couple of little terrain thingies that would neithe be considered resources or wonders.
Oh and warning none of these are unique to South America, I just think they're cool
I think we've already seen Geysers and Geothermal springs, these are both somewhat common in the Andes, in fact I went on a trip with my classmates to some a couple of years ago and my roommate hurt his foot on a geyser, so that was a thing. Bonus if you can extract energy from the geysers and create thermal baths from the hot springs.
Volcanos are volcanos, they go boom and sometimes kill people (and dinosaurs), personally I like the mechanic in civ 6 DLC where they leave behind productive volvanic soil after the erupt, although maybe it's a bit unblanced in the player's favor (it's a volcano it's destructive), certain resources like Obsidian would probably be found near volcabos too.
Variations of existing terrain would be rad, like cold deserts and salt lakes, these are both very common in the Andes, and could spice up the game quite well, while being relatively easy to develop and having some small but significant gameplay changes (ex salt lakes don't give fresh water but produce money or industry).
That was a lot longer than I expected, it's very possible I missed something, so if you know About South America and wanna lend a hand you're very welcome.
For my next post I'll either A. Talk about resources/wonders from other parts of the world, B. Revisit the Nazca and Moche as possible DLC cultures, or C. Make a First Nations version of my first post.
This took around 14 hours to make, surprisingly more than last time, I'd really like an upvote if you like the post, also comment some recommendations for new posts if you wanna see more from me.
You're welcome!
submitted by thehuman2cs to HumankindTheGame [link] [comments]


2020.07.12 01:35 ElysianDreams [CONFLICT] La República: President Vizcarra recognizes Nuevo Ecuador united front as rightful Ecuadorian government, pledges humanitarian support but denies reports of Peruvian intervention Operación Ollantaytambo

La República

GALLERY: Ecuador remains in chaos despite the disappearance of the Baroja regime, with protesters and opposition militias occupying cities around the country

President Vizcarra recognizes "Nuevo Ecuador" united front as rightful Ecuadorian government, pledges humanitarian support but denies reports of Peruvian intervention

Based in the southern town of Naranjal, the Nuevo Ecuador movement has called for nationwide revolution against Baroja loyalists
Redacción :
Alessandra Alvarez Wong
13 de agosto 2029 11:50 h
LIMA - President Vizcarra today recognized the Nuevo Ecuador united front in Naranjal as the legitimate Ecuadorian government, pledging humanitarian aid and support to the protester-founded movement.
Nuevo Ecuador interim leader Maria Paula Romo praised Vizcarra and thanked Peru for its support and recognition, pledging to unite the country in "total revolution" against the left-wing Baroja regime and its loyalists.
Vizcarra vehemently denied media reports of an armed intervention into Ecuador by the Peruvian military, suggesting instead that the "Little Green Men" are ordinary Ecuadorian citizens fighting for their country's liberation and democracy.
Ecuador has been in a state of mass unrest ever since the January 3rd massacre of hundreds of peaceful protesters outside the Carondelet Palace in Quito by regime death squads, sparking uprisings and clashes that eventuallly forced the Baroja regime into hiding.
Opposition forces have coalesced around the city of Naranjal, forming a united front movement declaring itself as the Nuevo Ecuador and calling for democracy in the troubled Andean country.
Scattered reports out of Cuenca and Quito indicate that clashes have occurred between loyalist groups and those declaring in favour of Nuevo Ecuador, although with President Baroja in hiding many expect the loyalist movement to fall apart quickly.
TEMAS: [Ecuador] [Nuevo Ecuador] [Greater Andes] [#NoMas Movement] [Little Green Men]

COVOP TO RUN WITH THIS POST <-- please run this

TRÁFICO URGENTE COMUNICADO A: FUERZA DE INTERVENCIÓN "HUASCAR" OPERACIÓN OLLANTAYTAMBO POR EL COMANDO GENERAL DE: MINISTERIO DE DEFENSA NACIONAL EDIFICIO QUINONES - LIMA MENSAJE COMIENZA: 
From General de División Pariwana Suarez Mayhuasca, Ejército del Peru, Commanding Officer, Fuerza de Intervención "Huascar"
First off, congratulations to all of you on the success of Op. CAJAMARCA. The Baroja regime has been thrown into disarray, and all initial goals have been achieved with minimal difficulties or losses. We now have plausible cover as the armed "volunteers" of the Nuevo Ecuador front, and will continue to operate in coordination with local opposition forces as we move forward to stabilizing the rest of the country.
With the Ecuadorian military in shambles - either cut off and isolated or fully defected to the Nuevo Ecuador movement - we expect any resistance to be limited at best.
DINI Maskirovka and SIGINT operations will continue over the next weeks as Nuevo Ecuador liberates more territory, limiting loyalist resistance and heightening popular support for the anti-Baroja movement. As always, all efforts must be made to limit civilian casualties and collateral damage in order to secure a better post-revolution political landscape. Remember that our goal is not only the overthrow of Baroja, but also the installation of a new government more amenable to Peruvian interests. Do try and keep the locals happy.
Reinforcements have been mobilized and will be made available for each axis of advance, with Operationally-Ready National Service conscripts managing internal security back home to free up active duty formations for deployment.
All armed individuals or groups in the region are to be treated as lawful combatants, with all the privileges that entails. Any prisoners shall be kept for trial by civilian authorities at a later date. We would much rather not have any war crimes investigations once this all dies down.
You have your orders. Make it so.
TRÁFICO URGENTE COMANDOS DEL DIA FUERZA DE INTERVENCIÓN "HUASCAR" MENSAJE COMIENZA: 
Quote of the day: And Great Viracocha, the Light of the Beginning, brought forth the Sun and the Moon and the Stars to fill the skies with His light, so that all could gaze upon His creations.

OPERACIÓN OLLANTAYTAMBO

Interactive Operation Map

Objective 1 The Cauldron: Cuenca

The second-largest city in southern Ecuador, Cuenca is nestled in the Andes range of the Ecuadorian highlands. Playing host to three brigades of the Ecuadorian Army - organized under the III Division "Tarqui" - the city's garrison is within striking distance of the Nuevo Ecuador headquarters at Naranjal, and therefore poses a major threat to the future of this operation.
With that in mind, three armoured cavalry brigades will be assigned to seize Cuenca and neutralize whatever loyalist opposition remains present in the metropolitan area, backed up by Mi-35P attack helicopters. Heeding the dangers of pushing armoured columns through mountain passes, the advance will take place on three axes in the northwest, west, and southwest - therefore surrounding the city from three sides. Fixed-wing airpower in the form of Su-25UB attack planes and F/A-18H Yellowjackets will interdict any loyalist forces that attempt to retreat to the eastern mountains, ensuring that none can escape.
This will take place in conjunction with DINI PSYOPS and cyberwarfare, with the overall aim of forcing a surrender or defection of the regime loyalists in Cuenca. Nuevo Ecuador authorities and local opposition leaders will be relied upon to help bring the city into compliance following the initial armed advance, because we really don't want to get stuck doing counterinsurgency warfare in the mountains.
1st Armoured Cavalry Brigade
HQ: NARANJAL
A heavy armoured brigade, fielding 80 Tifon-2a main battle tanks and 120 Singaporean Hunter AFVs alongside modern self-propelled artillery and support units. Allegedly involved in the 2029 Nuevo Ecuador revolution.
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Squadron Headquarters & Signals 120 SULLANA
5th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Hunter AFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar SULLANA
6th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Hunter AFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar SULLANA
7th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Hunter AFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar SULLANA
31st Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Hunter AFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar SULLANA
51st Reconnaissance Battalion Armoured Reconnaissance 400 36x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x CIDEP Ricuk URAV, 12x Spike-LR ATGM SULLANA
51st Artillery Group Field Artillery 400 27x SSPH Primus 155mm SPH, 9x Astros II MLRS SULLANA
51st Armoured Engineer Battalion Combat Engineering 600 48x DISCA Vicuna IMV SULLANA
51st Service Group Combat Service Support 600 SULLANA
3rd Armoured Cavalry Brigade
HQ: NARANJAL
Heavy armoured brigade, fielding 80 Tifon-2a main battle tanks, 144 Singaporean Bionix II IFVs, self-propelled artillery, and modern support units. Oriented against the Chilean Army's VI Division.
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 MOQUEGUA
41st Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Bionix II IFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar MOQUEGUA
57th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Bionix II IFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar LOCUMBA
211th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Bionix II IFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar MOQUEGUA
311th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Bionix II IFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar LOCUMBA
3rd Reconnaissance Battalion Armoured Reconnaissance 400 24x Bionix II IFV, 12x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x CIDEP Ricuk URAV, 12x Spike-LR ATGM MOQUEGUA
3rd Artillery Group Self-propelled Artillery 400 27x SSPH Primus 155mm SPH, 9x Type 90B 122mm MLRS MOQUEGUA
3rd Armoured Engineer Battalion Combat Engineering 600 MOQUEGUA
3rd Service Battalion Combat Service Support 600 MOQUEGUA
5th Mountain Brigade
HQ: MACHALA
Armoured cavalry brigade outfitted for mountain warfare, fielding a fleet of light IMVs backed up with Cold War-era armoured vehicles.
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 CUZCO
123rd Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x AMX-13 Light Tank, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar CALLAPALCA
10th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x FIAT 6616 armoured car, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar CUZCO
15th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x FIAT 6616 armoured car, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar CUZCO
59th Jungle Cavalry Regiment Light Infantry 800 72x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar QUILLABAMBA
5th Reconnaissance Battalion Armoured Reconnaissance 400 36x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x CIDEP Ricuk URAV, 12x Spike-LR ATGM CUZCO
114th Field Artillery Group Field Artillery 200 24x SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer CUZCO
5th Service Battalion Combat Service Support 600 CUZCO
Airwing
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
112 Squadron "Tigers" Ground Attack 200 18x Su-25UB
211 Squadron "Dragons" Attack Helicopters 200 16x Mi-35P
612 Squadron "Fighting Roosters" Fighters 200 10x F/A-18H Yellowjacket
711 Squadron "Scorpions" Light Attack 200 20x Cessna A-37
TOTALS
Unit Numbers
Personnel 15,160
Tifon-2a MBT 160
Hunter AFV 120
Bionix II IFV 144
AMX-13/105 Light Tank 20
DISCA Vicuna IMV 580
FIAT 6616 IFV 40
SSPH Primus 155mm SPH 54
SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer 24
Astros II MLRS 9
Type 90b 122mm MLRS 9
81mm mortar 72
CIDEP Ricuk URAV 18
Su-25UB attack plane 18
F/A-18H Yellowjacket multirole 10
Cessna A-37 light attack 20
Mi-35P Hind attack helicopter 16

Objective 2 The Metropolis: Guayaquil

While the Ecuadorian Navy has been neutralized, the same unfortunately cannot be said of the Ecuadorian Army garrison in the major port city of Guayaquil. Luckily, there exists but a single infantry brigade within the metropolitan area - something which can easily be destroyed or convinced to defect through the application of superior firepower.
The Fuerza Especial "Chifa" which initially infiltrated Guayaquil Port in Op. CAJAMARCA will push north through the city alongside Ecuadorian naval infantry and Marines which defected to the Nuevo Ecuador government, clearing Guayaquil Airport in the city centre (and the Air Force HQ co-located at the airport).
Meanwhile, the mechanized 1st Infantry Brigade will push west from Naranjal, overrunning the Ecuadorian 2112 Fighter Squadron located east of Guayaquil in the process before securing the city's eastern approaches. The presence of modern IFVs and T-55 main battle tanks across the river should prove sufficient to force the loyalist remnants of the Ecuadorian 5th Infantry Brigade "Guayas" to surrender, assuming that DINI persistent PSYOPS and local Nuevo Ecuador militants haven't already achieved that in the meantime.
The Marina de Guerra task force centred around the BAP Almirante Grau Aegis destroyer will remain on-station south of Guayaquil, projecting an air defence umbrella and keeping the Ecuadorian air force grounded.
Fuerza Especial "Chifa"
HQ: PUERTO MARITIMO DE GUAYAQUIL
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
A Squadron, 7th Commando Battalion Special Forces 120 4x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 12x DJI Mavic Pro UAV
C Detachment, 8th Field Artillery Group Field Artillery 60 4x 81mm mortar, 4x 107mm mortar, 2x M101A1 105mm howitzer
B Detachment, 8th Anti-Air Artillery Battalion Air Defence 10 2x ZU-23-2 AAA
3rd Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x AMX-13 Light Tank, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar
6th Reconnaissance Battalion Armoured Reconnaissance 400 36x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x CIDEP Ricuk URAV, 12x Spike-LR ATGM
1st Infantry Brigade
HQ: TUMBES
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 TUMBES
223rd Tank Battalion Armour 600 25x Tifon-2a MBT TUMBES
3rd Infantry Battalion Mechanized Infantry 1000 72x Bionix II IFV ZORRITOS
5th Infantry Battalion Mechanized Infantry 1000 80x UR-416 APC ZARUMILLA
51st Infantry Battalion Mechanized Infantry 1000 60x M113A1 APC TUMBES
1st Field Artillery Group Field Artillery 200 24x SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer TUMBES
1st Service Battalion Combat Service Support 600 TUMBES
TOTALS
Unit Numbers
Personnel 5,910
Tifon-2a MBT 25
AMX-13/105 light tank 20
Bionix II IFV 72
UR-416 APC 80
M113A1 APC 60
DISCA Vicuna IMV 96
81mm mortar 10
107mm mortar 4
SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer 24
M101A1 105mm howitzer 2
ZU-23-2 AAA 2
Spike-LR ATGM 12
CIDEP Ricuk URAV 6

Objective 3 A trip to the beach: Salinas

Salinas is a major tourist centre in Ecuador, and is the country's westernmost city. More importantly, its airport is located along the path to support the northern brigades at Esmeraldas, and it's home to an infantry battalion that may prove to be a pain in the rear.
This will be relatively simple; we'll just airlift a special forces brigade to the airport via C-390 Millennium and escorted by F/A-18H Yellowjackets, and from there they'll secure the city and neutralize whatever loyalist troops remain. Once Guayaquil is secured, then Salinas will be brought under the control of Nuevo Ecuador. Nice and neat.
1st Special Forces Brigade (Airmobile)
HQ: LAS PALMAS
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 LAS PALMAS
19th Commando Battalion Special Forces 600 CALLAO
29th Commando Battalion Special Forces 600 CALLAO
10th Airmobile Artillery Group Artillery 200 24x 81mm mortar, 4x RO-107 107mm MLRS CALLAO
A Flight, 612 Squadron "Fighting Roosters" Fighters 10 2x F/A-18H Yellowjacket
Unit Numbers
Personnel 1520
81mm mortar 24
RO-107 107mm MLRS 4
F/A-18H Yellowjacket multirole 2
C-390 Millennium 6

Objective 4 Up Shit Creek: The Amazon

This one is a bit sketchier. Essentially, there's a whole jungle infantry division hanging out somewhere in eastern Ecuador in the Amazon rainforest. We have intel that its HQ is located along the Rio Napo in the northeastern town of Coca, but that's about it. Due to a lack of sufficient aerial assets, we'll be going in semi-blind - but definitely not unarmed.
Staging from within the Peruvian Amazon, the hovercraft-equipped 5th Jungle Brigade will push northwest along the Rio Napo, liberating towns as they go and hopefully neutralizing whatever Baroja loyalist forces they encounter within the region. This region is essentially the "backdoor" to the capital city of Quito, and is a possible escape route for the Baroja regime - the hope is that we can cut that off and capture the President-in-hiding for trial by the Nuevo Ecuador movement.
In the south, the two Amazonian "Selva" naval infantry battalions of the Marina de Guerra will push up the Rio Pastaza in a similar fashion, mopping up loyalist resistance and securing the rest of the Ecuadorian jungle.
5th Jungle Brigade
HQ: IQUITOS
Hovercraft-equipped infantry brigade intended for jungle warfare in the Amazon basin. Highly mobile and well-trained, though relatively lacking in heavy support.
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 IQUITOS
125th Commando Squadron Special Forces 300 12x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft IQUITOS
23rd Jungle Infantry Battalion Light Infantry 1000 40x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft GUEPPI
25th Jungle Infantry Battalion Light Infantry 1000 40x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft GUEPPI
26th Jungle Infantry Battalion Light Infantry 1000 40x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft IQUITOS
27th Jungle Infantry Battalion Light Infantry 1000 40x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft PUERTO ARTUEO
5th Jungle Artillery Group Field Artillery 200 24x SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer, 24x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft IQUITOS
125th Anti-Air Artillery Battalion Air Defence 400 20x ZU-23-2 AAA, 20x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft IQUITOS
5th Service Battalion Combat Service Support 600 IQUITOS
Selva Marine Regiment
HQ: ANDOAS
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
1st Naval Infantry Amazonian Battalion "Teniente Segundo Raúl Riboty Villalpando" Jungle Infantry 400 20x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft IQUITOS
2nd Naval Infantry Amazonian Battalion "Teniente Primero Sergio Gonzales Quevedo" Jungle Infantry 400 20x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft PUCALLPA
TOTALS
Type Number
Personnel 6,420
DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft 256
SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer 24
ZU-23-2 AAA 20

Objective 5 Closing the trap: Quito

The mountain capital of Ecuador is a veritable fortress, and would ordinarily be near-impossible to properly capture through force of arms alone. Luckily for us, though, these aren't ordinary times - for Ecuador has been plunged into chaos, and loyalist forces are rather distracted to say the least.
Still, Quito (on paper) has a full division garrisoned within its city limits - including an armoured brigade and a special forces formation. As such, despite support from opposition protesters and military defectors, we'll need to push into the city in order to neutralize the Ecuadorian army garrison and to bring Quito under the control of Nuevo Ecuador.
Having successfully secured the port city of Esmeraldas in northern Ecuador, the 1st Marine Expeditionary Brigade and the 4th Mountain Brigade will be tasked with pushing through the coastal plains into the Andes and the Quitos valley. While its AMX-13/105 light tanks and light IFVs would normally be outclassed against Ecuadorian Leopard 1A5 main battle tanks in an open field, the narrow confines of the mountains (and then the city) should prove to be a more level playing field; when combined with the chaos and confusion caused by protests, defections, and DINI PSYOPS and cyber strikes, we expect to liberate the city with relatively little difficulty.
Defected Ecuadorian troops aligned with Nuevo Ecuador will be trusted to secure a line of supply back to the base in Esmeraldas, supported by airlift and maritime sealift. A squadron of F/A-18H Yellowjackets forward deployed to Esmeraldas will provide air cover for the advance on Quito, although it's hoped that just the simple intimidation factor will be enough - we really don't want to start dropping bombs on a major city.
1 Marine Expeditionary Brigade
HQ: ESMERALDAS
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
1st Naval Infantry Battalion "Guarnición de Marina" Marines 400 16x LAV-II IFV ANCON
2nd Naval Infantry Battalion "Guardia Chalaca" Marines 400 4x Tifon-2a MBT, 12x BMR-600 APC ANCON
Commando Battalion "Teniente Primero Leoncio Prado Gutierrez" Special Forces 300 12x DISCA Vicuna IMV ANCON
Artillery Battalion "Capitán de Navío Juan Guillermo More Ruíz" Field Artillery 200 8x D-30 122mm howitzer, 12x Soltam 120mm mortar, 4x DJI Mavic Pro UAV ANCON
1st Naval Combat Engineer Battalion Combat Engineering 200 ANCON
4th Mountain Brigade "Tarapeca"
HQ: ESMERALDAS
Armoured cavalry brigade outfitted for mountain warfare, fielding a fleet of light IMVs backed up with Cold War-era armoured vehicles.
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 PUNO
9th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x AMX-13 Light Tank, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar
21st Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x FIAT 6616 armoured car, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar HUANCANE
55th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x FIAT 6616 armoured car, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar PUNO
59th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x FIAT 6616 armoured car, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar ILAVE
4th Reconnaissance Battalion Armoured Reconnaissance 400 36x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x CIDEP Ricuk URAV, 12x Spike-LR ATGM PUNO
4th Field Artillery Group Field Artillery 200 24x SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer JULIACA
4th Service Battalion Combat Service Support 600 PUNO
Air Component
HQ: ESMERALDAS
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
501 Squadron "Vultures" Fighters 120 12x F/A-18H Yellowjacket Air-to-air and interdiction
TOTALS
Unit Numbers
Personnel 6,020
Tifon-2a MBT 4
AMX-13/105 Light Tank 20
LAV II IFV 16
BMR-600 APC 12
FIAT 6616 IFV 60
DISCA Vicuna IMV 262
SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer 24
D-30 122mm howitzer 8
Soltam 120mm mortar 12
81mm mortar 24
Spike-LR ATGM 12
DJI Mavic Pro UAV 4
CIDEP Ricuk URAV 6
F/A-18H Yellowjacket multirole 12
submitted by ElysianDreams to worldpowers [link] [comments]


2020.07.09 21:58 ElysianDreams [ECONOMIC] State of the Republic of Peru, 2031

Estado de la Republica del Peru

Promulgada el 15 de abril de 2031 En el año 210 de esta república En nombre del pueblo peruano 
2030
2031
Consolidated spending FY2031
Total government expenditures: $100.006 billion (est. 25.0% of GDP)
Sector Percentage Amount ($USD Millions)
LEGISLATURE 0.19% $193.01
FOREIGN AFFAIRS 0.28% $280.17
PLANNING, MANAGEMENT, AND CONTINGENCY RESERVE 9.00% $9,000.54
DEFENSE AND NATIONAL SECURITY 8.23% $8,230.50
PUBLIC ORDER AND SECURITY 6.30% $6,300.38
JUSTICE 3.84% $3,840.23
LABOUR 0.30% $300.02
COMMERCE 0.30% $300.02
TOURISM 2.78% $2,780.17
AGRICULTURE 3.10% $3,100.19
FISHERIES 0.25% $250.02
ENERGY 0.60% $600.04
MINING 0.10% $100.01
INDUSTRY 0.12% $120.01
TRANSPORT 10.70% $10,700.64
COMMUNICATIONS 0.95% $950.06
ENVIRONMENT 1.64% $1,640.10
SANITATION 3.20% $3,200.19
HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT 4.62% $4,620.28
HEALTH 10.30% $10,300.62
CULTURE AND SPORT 0.70% $700.04
EDUCATION 17.00% $17,001.02
SOCIAL PROTECTION 10.50% $10,500.63
PUBLIC DEBT 5.00% $5,000.3
TOTAL 100.00% $100,006.00
GDP growth dropped in 2029, with the Nuevo Ecuador revolution sending shockwaves through the region and frightening off major investors. The stabilization of the situation in Ecuador in 2030 without blowback or overflow into Peru or Colombia has led to outside capital returning, bolstered in part by a major spike in commodity prices after the UK mandated that literally everything be covered in copper - of which Peru is the second-largest exporter in the world.
Defence spending has reached just over 2.00% of GDP, a result of the mobilization of conscripts and modernization planning. Leaked government documents indicate that spending may further peak at a target of 5.00% of GDP by the end of the decade, as Peru abandons its Norteamericano security blanket and aims for a regional military that can participate in stabilizing the Pacific Rim region.
submitted by ElysianDreams to worldpowers [link] [comments]


2020.07.09 18:55 ElysianDreams [CONFLICT] La República: President Vizcarra recognizes "Nuevo Ecuador" united front as rightful Ecuadorian government, pledges humanitarian support but denies reports of Peruvian intervention Operación Ollantaytambo

La República

GALLERY: Ecuador remains in chaos despite the disappearance of the Baroja regime, with protesters and opposition militias occupying cities around the country

President Vizcarra recognizes "Nuevo Ecuador" united front as rightful Ecuadorian government, pledges humanitarian support but denies reports of Peruvian intervention

Based in the southern town of Naranjal, the Nuevo Ecuador movement has called for nationwide revolution against Baroja loyalists
Redacción :
Alessandra Alvarez Wong
13 de agosto 2029 11:50 h
LIMA - President Vizcarra today recognized the Nuevo Ecuador united front in Naranjal as the legitimate Ecuadorian government, pledging humanitarian aid and support to the protester-founded movement.
Nuevo Ecuador interim leader Maria Paula Romo praised Vizcarra and thanked Peru for its support and recognition, pledging to unite the country in "total revolution" against the left-wing Baroja regime and its loyalists.
Vizcarra vehemently denied media reports of an armed intervention into Ecuador by the Peruvian military, suggesting instead that the "Little Green Men" are ordinary Ecuadorian citizens fighting for their country's liberation and democracy.
Ecuador has been in a state of mass unrest ever since the January 3rd massacre of hundreds of peaceful protesters outside the Carondelet Palace in Quito by regime death squads, sparking uprisings and clashes that eventuallly forced the Baroja regime into hiding.
Opposition forces have coalesced around the city of Naranjal, forming a united front movement declaring itself as the Nuevo Ecuador and calling for democracy in the troubled Andean country.
Scattered reports out of Cuenca and Quito indicate that clashes have occurred between loyalist groups and those declaring in favour of Nuevo Ecuador, although with President Baroja in hiding many expect the loyalist movement to fall apart quickly.
TEMAS: [Ecuador] [Nuevo Ecuador] [Greater Andes] [#NoMas Movement] [Little Green Men]

[COVOP TO RUN WITH THIS POST](PLACEHOLDER.PNG) <-- please run this

TRÁFICO URGENTE COMUNICADO A: FUERZA DE INTERVENCIÓN "HUASCAR" OPERACIÓN OLLANTAYTAMBO POR EL COMANDO GENERAL DE: MINISTERIO DE DEFENSA NACIONAL EDIFICIO QUINONES - LIMA MENSAJE COMIENZA: 
From General de División Pariwana Suarez Mayhuasca, Ejército del Peru, Commanding Officer, Fuerza de Intervención "Huascar"
First off, congratulations to all of you on the success of Op. CAJAMARCA. The Baroja regime has been thrown into disarray, and all initial goals have been achieved with minimal difficulties or losses. We now have plausible cover as the armed "volunteers" of the Nuevo Ecuador front, and will continue to operate in coordination with local opposition forces as we move forward to stabilizing the rest of the country.
With the Ecuadorian military in shambles - either cut off and isolated or fully defected to the Nuevo Ecuador movement - we expect any resistance to be limited at best.
DINI Maskirovka and SIGINT operations will continue over the next weeks as Nuevo Ecuador liberates more territory, limiting loyalist resistance and heightening popular support for the anti-Baroja movement. As always, all efforts must be made to limit civilian casualties and collateral damage in order to secure a better post-revolution political landscape. Remember that our goal is not only the overthrow of Baroja, but also the installation of a new government more amenable to Peruvian interests. Do try and keep the locals happy.
Reinforcements have been mobilized and will be made available for each axis of advance, with Operationally-Ready National Service conscripts managing internal security back home to free up active duty formations for deployment.
All armed individuals or groups in the region are to be treated as lawful combatants, with all the privileges that entails. Any prisoners shall be kept for trial by civilian authorities at a later date. We would much rather not have any war crimes investigations once this all dies down.
You have your orders. Make it so.
TRÁFICO URGENTE COMANDOS DEL DIA FUERZA DE INTERVENCIÓN "HUASCAR" MENSAJE COMIENZA: 
Quote of the day: And Great Viracocha, the Light of the Beginning, brought forth the Sun and the Moon and the Stars to fill the skies with His light, so that all could gaze upon His creations.

OPERACIÓN OLLANTAYTAMBO

Interactive Operation Map

Objective 1 The Cauldron: Cuenca

The second-largest city in southern Ecuador, Cuenca is nestled in the Andes range of the Ecuadorian highlands. Playing host to three brigades of the Ecuadorian Army - organized under the III Division "Tarqui" - the city's garrison is within striking distance of the Nuevo Ecuador headquarters at Naranjal, and therefore poses a major threat to the future of this operation.
With that in mind, three armoured cavalry brigades will be assigned to seize Cuenca and neutralize whatever loyalist opposition remains present in the metropolitan area, backed up by Mi-35P attack helicopters. Heeding the dangers of pushing armoured columns through mountain passes, the advance will take place on three axes in the northwest, west, and southwest - therefore surrounding the city from three sides. Fixed-wing airpower in the form of Su-25UB attack planes and F/A-18H Yellowjackets will interdict any loyalist forces that attempt to retreat to the eastern mountains, ensuring that none can escape.
This will take place in conjunction with DINI PSYOPS and cyberwarfare, with the overall aim of forcing a surrender or defection of the regime loyalists in Cuenca. Nuevo Ecuador authorities and local opposition leaders will be relied upon to help bring the city into compliance following the initial armed advance, because we really don't want to get stuck doing counterinsurgency warfare in the mountains.
1st Armoured Cavalry Brigade
HQ: NARANJAL
A heavy armoured brigade, fielding 80 Tifon-2a main battle tanks and 120 Singaporean Hunter AFVs alongside modern self-propelled artillery and support units. Allegedly involved in the 2029 Nuevo Ecuador revolution.
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Squadron Headquarters & Signals 120 SULLANA
5th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Hunter AFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar SULLANA
6th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Hunter AFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar SULLANA
7th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Hunter AFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar SULLANA
31st Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Hunter AFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar SULLANA
51st Reconnaissance Battalion Armoured Reconnaissance 400 36x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x CIDEP Ricuk URAV, 12x Spike-LR ATGM SULLANA
51st Artillery Group Field Artillery 400 27x SSPH Primus 155mm SPH, 9x Astros II MLRS SULLANA
51st Armoured Engineer Battalion Combat Engineering 600 48x DISCA Vicuna IMV SULLANA
51st Service Group Combat Service Support 600 SULLANA
3rd Armoured Cavalry Brigade
HQ: NARANJAL
Heavy armoured brigade, fielding 80 Tifon-2a main battle tanks, 144 Singaporean Bionix II IFVs, self-propelled artillery, and modern support units. Oriented against the Chilean Army's VI Division.
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 MOQUEGUA
41st Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Bionix II IFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar MOQUEGUA
57th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Bionix II IFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar LOCUMBA
211th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Bionix II IFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar MOQUEGUA
311th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Bionix II IFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar LOCUMBA
3rd Reconnaissance Battalion Armoured Reconnaissance 400 24x Bionix II IFV, 12x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x CIDEP Ricuk URAV, 12x Spike-LR ATGM MOQUEGUA
3rd Artillery Group Self-propelled Artillery 400 27x SSPH Primus 155mm SPH, 9x Type 90B 122mm MLRS MOQUEGUA
3rd Armoured Engineer Battalion Combat Engineering 600 MOQUEGUA
3rd Service Battalion Combat Service Support 600 MOQUEGUA
5th Mountain Brigade
HQ: MACHALA
Armoured cavalry brigade outfitted for mountain warfare, fielding a fleet of light IMVs backed up with Cold War-era armoured vehicles.
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 CUZCO
123rd Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x AMX-13 Light Tank, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar CALLAPALCA
10th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x FIAT 6616 armoured car, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar CUZCO
15th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x FIAT 6616 armoured car, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar CUZCO
59th Jungle Cavalry Regiment Light Infantry 800 72x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar QUILLABAMBA
5th Reconnaissance Battalion Armoured Reconnaissance 400 36x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x CIDEP Ricuk URAV, 12x Spike-LR ATGM CUZCO
114th Field Artillery Group Field Artillery 200 24x SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer CUZCO
5th Service Battalion Combat Service Support 600 CUZCO
Airwing
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
112 Squadron "Tigers" Ground Attack 200 18x Su-25UB
211 Squadron "Dragons" Attack Helicopters 200 16x Mi-35P
612 Squadron "Fighting Roosters" Fighters 200 10x F/A-18H Yellowjacket
711 Squadron "Scorpions" Light Attack 200 20x Cessna A-37
TOTALS
Unit Numbers
Personnel 15,160
Tifon-2a MBT 160
Hunter AFV 120
Bionix II IFV 144
AMX-13/105 Light Tank 20
DISCA Vicuna IMV 580
FIAT 6616 IFV 40
SSPH Primus 155mm SPH 54
SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer 24
Astros II MLRS 9
Type 90b 122mm MLRS 9
81mm mortar 72
CIDEP Ricuk URAV 18
Su-25UB attack plane 18
F/A-18H Yellowjacket multirole 10
Cessna A-37 light attack 20
Mi-35P Hind attack helicopter 16

Objective 2 The Metropolis: Guayaquil

While the Ecuadorian Navy has been neutralized, the same unfortunately cannot be said of the Ecuadorian Army garrison in the major port city of Guayaquil. Luckily, there exists but a single infantry brigade within the metropolitan area - something which can easily be destroyed or convinced to defect through the application of superior firepower.
The Fuerza Especial "Chifa" which initially infiltrated Guayaquil Port in Op. CAJAMARCA will push north through the city alongside Ecuadorian naval infantry and Marines which defected to the Nuevo Ecuador government, clearing Guayaquil Airport in the city centre (and the Air Force HQ co-located at the airport).
Meanwhile, the mechanized 1st Infantry Brigade will push west from Naranjal, overrunning the Ecuadorian 2112 Fighter Squadron located east of Guayaquil in the process before securing the city's eastern approaches. The presence of modern IFVs and T-55 main battle tanks across the river should prove sufficient to force the loyalist remnants of the Ecuadorian 5th Infantry Brigade "Guayas" to surrender, assuming that DINI persistent PSYOPS and local Nuevo Ecuador militants haven't already achieved that in the meantime.
The Marina de Guerra task force centred around the BAP Almirante Grau Aegis destroyer will remain on-station south of Guayaquil, projecting an air defence umbrella and keeping the Ecuadorian air force grounded.
Fuerza Especial "Chifa"
HQ: PUERTO MARITIMO DE GUAYAQUIL
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
A Squadron, 7th Commando Battalion Special Forces 120 4x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 12x DJI Mavic Pro UAV
C Detachment, 8th Field Artillery Group Field Artillery 60 4x 81mm mortar, 4x 107mm mortar, 2x M101A1 105mm howitzer
B Detachment, 8th Anti-Air Artillery Battalion Air Defence 10 2x ZU-23-2 AAA
3rd Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x AMX-13 Light Tank, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar
6th Reconnaissance Battalion Armoured Reconnaissance 400 36x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x CIDEP Ricuk URAV, 12x Spike-LR ATGM
1st Infantry Brigade
HQ: TUMBES
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 TUMBES
223rd Tank Battalion Armour 600 25x Tifon-2a MBT TUMBES
3rd Infantry Battalion Mechanized Infantry 1000 72x Bionix II IFV ZORRITOS
5th Infantry Battalion Mechanized Infantry 1000 80x UR-416 APC ZARUMILLA
51st Infantry Battalion Mechanized Infantry 1000 60x M113A1 APC TUMBES
1st Field Artillery Group Field Artillery 200 24x SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer TUMBES
1st Service Battalion Combat Service Support 600 TUMBES
TOTALS
Unit Numbers
Personnel 5,910
Tifon-2a MBT 25
AMX-13/105 light tank 20
Bionix II IFV 72
UR-416 APC 80
M113A1 APC 60
DISCA Vicuna IMV 96
81mm mortar 10
107mm mortar 4
SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer 24
M101A1 105mm howitzer 2
ZU-23-2 AAA 2
Spike-LR ATGM 12
CIDEP Ricuk URAV 6

Objective 3 A trip to the beach: Salinas

Salinas is a major tourist centre in Ecuador, and is the country's westernmost city. More importantly, its airport is located along the path to support the northern brigades at Esmeraldas, and it's home to an infantry battalion that may prove to be a pain in the rear.
This will be relatively simple; we'll just airlift a special forces brigade to the airport via C-390 Millennium and escorted by F/A-18H Yellowjackets, and from there they'll secure the city and neutralize whatever loyalist troops remain. Once Guayaquil is secured, then Salinas will be brought under the control of Nuevo Ecuador. Nice and neat.
1st Special Forces Brigade (Airmobile)
HQ: LAS PALMAS
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 LAS PALMAS
19th Commando Battalion Special Forces 600 CALLAO
29th Commando Battalion Special Forces 600 CALLAO
10th Airmobile Artillery Group Artillery 200 24x 81mm mortar, 4x RO-107 107mm MLRS CALLAO
A Flight, 612 Squadron "Fighting Roosters" Fighters 10 2x F/A-18H Yellowjacket
Unit Numbers
Personnel 1520
81mm mortar 24
RO-107 107mm MLRS 4
F/A-18H Yellowjacket multirole 2
C-390 Millennium 6

Objective 4 Up Shit Creek: The Amazon

This one is a bit sketchier. Essentially, there's a whole jungle infantry division hanging out somewhere in eastern Ecuador in the Amazon rainforest. We have intel that its HQ is located along the Rio Napo in the northeastern town of Coca, but that's about it. Due to a lack of sufficient aerial assets, we'll be going in semi-blind - but definitely not unarmed.
Staging from within the Peruvian Amazon, the hovercraft-equipped 5th Jungle Brigade will push northwest along the Rio Napo, liberating towns as they go and hopefully neutralizing whatever Baroja loyalist forces they encounter within the region. This region is essentially the "backdoor" to the capital city of Quito, and is a possible escape route for the Baroja regime - the hope is that we can cut that off and capture the President-in-hiding for trial by the Nuevo Ecuador movement.
In the south, the two Amazonian "Selva" naval infantry battalions of the Marina de Guerra will push up the Rio Pastaza in a similar fashion, mopping up loyalist resistance and securing the rest of the Ecuadorian jungle.
5th Jungle Brigade
HQ: IQUITOS
Hovercraft-equipped infantry brigade intended for jungle warfare in the Amazon basin. Highly mobile and well-trained, though relatively lacking in heavy support.
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 IQUITOS
125th Commando Squadron Special Forces 300 12x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft IQUITOS
23rd Jungle Infantry Battalion Light Infantry 1000 40x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft GUEPPI
25th Jungle Infantry Battalion Light Infantry 1000 40x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft GUEPPI
26th Jungle Infantry Battalion Light Infantry 1000 40x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft IQUITOS
27th Jungle Infantry Battalion Light Infantry 1000 40x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft PUERTO ARTUEO
5th Jungle Artillery Group Field Artillery 200 24x SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer, 24x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft IQUITOS
125th Anti-Air Artillery Battalion Air Defence 400 20x ZU-23-2 AAA, 20x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft IQUITOS
5th Service Battalion Combat Service Support 600 IQUITOS
Selva Marine Regiment
HQ: ANDOAS
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
1st Naval Infantry Amazonian Battalion "Teniente Segundo Raúl Riboty Villalpando" Jungle Infantry 400 20x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft IQUITOS
2nd Naval Infantry Amazonian Battalion "Teniente Primero Sergio Gonzales Quevedo" Jungle Infantry 400 20x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft PUCALLPA
TOTALS
Type Number
Personnel 6,420
DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft 256
SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer 24
ZU-23-2 AAA 20

Objective 5 Closing the trap: Quito

The mountain capital of Ecuador is a veritable fortress, and would ordinarily be near-impossible to properly capture through force of arms alone. Luckily for us, though, these aren't ordinary times - for Ecuador has been plunged into chaos, and loyalist forces are rather distracted to say the least.
Still, Quito (on paper) has a full division garrisoned within its city limits - including an armoured brigade and a special forces formation. As such, despite support from opposition protesters and military defectors, we'll need to push into the city in order to neutralize the Ecuadorian army garrison and to bring Quito under the control of Nuevo Ecuador.
Having successfully secured the port city of Esmeraldas in northern Ecuador, the 1st Marine Expeditionary Brigade and the 4th Mountain Brigade will be tasked with pushing through the coastal plains into the Andes and the Quitos valley. While its AMX-13/105 light tanks and light IFVs would normally be outclassed against Ecuadorian Leopard 1A5 main battle tanks in an open field, the narrow confines of the mountains (and then the city) should prove to be a more level playing field; when combined with the chaos and confusion caused by protests, defections, and DINI PSYOPS and cyber strikes, we expect to liberate the city with relatively little difficulty.
Defected Ecuadorian troops aligned with Nuevo Ecuador will be trusted to secure a line of supply back to the base in Esmeraldas, supported by airlift and maritime sealift. A squadron of F/A-18H Yellowjackets forward deployed to Esmeraldas will provide air cover for the advance on Quito, although it's hoped that just the simple intimidation factor will be enough - we really don't want to start dropping bombs on a major city.
1 Marine Expeditionary Brigade
HQ: ESMERALDAS
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
1st Naval Infantry Battalion "Guarnición de Marina" Marines 400 16x LAV-II IFV ANCON
2nd Naval Infantry Battalion "Guardia Chalaca" Marines 400 4x Tifon-2a MBT, 12x BMR-600 APC ANCON
Commando Battalion "Teniente Primero Leoncio Prado Gutierrez" Special Forces 300 12x DISCA Vicuna IMV ANCON
Artillery Battalion "Capitán de Navío Juan Guillermo More Ruíz" Field Artillery 200 8x D-30 122mm howitzer, 12x Soltam 120mm mortar, 4x DJI Mavic Pro UAV ANCON
1st Naval Combat Engineer Battalion Combat Engineering 200 ANCON
4th Mountain Brigade "Tarapeca"
HQ: ESMERALDAS
Armoured cavalry brigade outfitted for mountain warfare, fielding a fleet of light IMVs backed up with Cold War-era armoured vehicles.
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 PUNO
9th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x AMX-13 Light Tank, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar
21st Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x FIAT 6616 armoured car, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar HUANCANE
55th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x FIAT 6616 armoured car, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar PUNO
59th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x FIAT 6616 armoured car, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar ILAVE
4th Reconnaissance Battalion Armoured Reconnaissance 400 36x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x CIDEP Ricuk URAV, 12x Spike-LR ATGM PUNO
4th Field Artillery Group Field Artillery 200 24x SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer JULIACA
4th Service Battalion Combat Service Support 600 PUNO
Air Component
HQ: ESMERALDAS
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
501 Squadron "Vultures" Fighters 120 12x F/A-18H Yellowjacket Air-to-air and interdiction
TOTALS
Unit Numbers
Personnel 6,020
Tifon-2a MBT 4
AMX-13/105 Light Tank 20
LAV II IFV 16
BMR-600 APC 12
FIAT 6616 IFV 60
DISCA Vicuna IMV 262
SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer 24
D-30 122mm howitzer 8
Soltam 120mm mortar 12
81mm mortar 24
Spike-LR ATGM 12
DJI Mavic Pro UAV 4
CIDEP Ricuk URAV 6
F/A-18H Yellowjacket multirole 12
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2020.06.29 12:19 urymasa1970 Uruguay y el virus corona. El oasis en el centro de la pandemia.

Le puse Google Translate.
Casi ningún país hace frente a la crisis de la corona con tanto éxito como Uruguay. El gobierno no toma las medidas más estrictas y confía en los ciudadanos.
los números de Uruguay parecen ser el resultado de un error de cálculo: 907 casos confirmados oficialmente, 818 de ellos recuperados. Hasta el momento, solo 26 personas han muerto por el virus, aunque aproximadamente cada séptimo ciudadano tiene 65 años o más, una proporción más alta que en cualquier otro país latinoamericano.
región, Uruguay tiene una serie de ventajas:
Mientras que en otras partes grandes partes de la población viven juntas en grandes metrópolis como São Paulo o Ciudad de México, Uruguay tiene solo una ciudad más grande: Montevideo tiene aproximadamente tantos habitantes como Múnich. La capital del país también tiene solo una pequeña red de autobuses; El transporte público ofrece pocas oportunidades para que el virus se propague.
Según el Banco Mundial , más de la mitad de todos los empleados en América Latina trabajan en el llamado sector informal. Estos jornaleros, criadas y vendedores ambulantes generalmente no están asegurados ni tienen derecho a una pensión. Lo siguiente a menudo se aplica a ellos: aquellos que no trabajan están muriendo de hambre. En Uruguay, solo el 23 por ciento de los trabajadores tiene un empleo informal, el más bajo de la región.
Si bien años de estancamiento económico obligaron a países como Brasil y Ecuador a reducir la atención médica, la atención en Uruguay es gratuita y relativamente buena.
El país tiene el estado de bienestar más antiguo de América Latina. La confianza en las instituciones gubernamentales es comparativamente alta.
https://www.spiegel.de/politik/ausland/coronavirus-in-uruguay-eine-oase-im-zentrum-der-pandemie-a-e73055d5-d3ba-465a-a9c6-86488d64981c-amp?__twitter_impression=true
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2020.06.24 21:01 AUTOMagazine El Metro propone transformar el transporte en la capital

#Movilidad
✅🇪🇨🚎🚌👍
El Metro propone transformar el transporte en la capital:
https://automagazine.ec/el-metro-propone-transformar-el-transporte-en-la-capital/
#AutoMagazineEc #Transporte #Ecuador #Metro #Quito #TransportePúblico #SistemaIntegral #Capital #Propuesta #AutoMagazine #AutoEc #AM #EPMMQ #MetroDeQuito
https://preview.redd.it/vl4f3b6qkw651.jpg?width=800&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=567d57d54e0bdd9d1dcb010ac643f2e397748787
https://i.redd.it/9xpyya6qkw651.gif
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2020.06.24 20:40 AUTOMagazine El Metro propone transformar el transporte en la capital

El Metro propone transformar el transporte en la capital
#Movilidad
✅🇪🇨🚎🚌👍
El Metro propone transformar el transporte en la capital:
https://automagazine.ec/el-metro-propone-transformar-el-transporte-en-la-capital/
#AutoMagazineEc #Transporte #Ecuador #Metro #Quito #TransportePúblico #SistemaIntegral #Capital #Propuesta #AutoMagazine #AutoEc #AM #EPMMQ #MetroDeQuito
https://preview.redd.it/vl4f3b6qkw651.jpg?width=800&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=567d57d54e0bdd9d1dcb010ac643f2e397748787
https://i.redd.it/9xpyya6qkw651.gif
submitted by AUTOMagazine to u/AUTOMagazine [link] [comments]


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Ecuador government leaves capital city amid violent ... - CNN

  1. QUITO MODERNO ECUADOR 2017 - YouTube
  2. LAS PROVINCIAS DEL ECUADOR CON SUS CAPITALES
  3. Guayaquil la capital económica del Ecuador
  4. VISITA BALZAR, Capital Maicera del Ecuador!!!
  5. PORTOVIEJO CAPITAL DE MANABI ECUADOR - YouTube
  6. Capital del Ecuador
  7. Qué ver en QUITO, ECUADOR la capital mas bella de América ...
  8. Quito, Ecuador. Ciudad del Buen Vivir - YouTube
  9. Clashes as indigenous march on Ecuador capital over fuel price hike
  10. QUITO la capital del ECUADOR

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